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[R1] HP Operations Orchestration (HP OO) /oo/backwards-compatibility/wsExecutionBridgeService Jaa Deserialization Remote Code Execution

Critical

Synopsis

HP released HP Operations Orchestration (HP OO) 10.51 in response to CVE-2016-1997. Note that by default, HP OO’s web interface does not require authentication, at all. However, it is very simple to enable so we assumed every rational admin that deploys it immediately goes into settings and turns on authentication. Unfortunately, this is not reality as seen via Shodan where the first page of results shows an Internet-addressable server with no authentication. As such, we consider this to be unauthenticated by default, but can be downgraded to authentication-required only by user configuration. Finally, since CVE-2016-1997 specifically calls out the use of Apache Commons Collections to gain execution, we do not use that library at all in exploitation.

HP OO has a sizeable REST API. Part of that API is described in backwards-compatibility-servlet.xml. Here is an excerpt of the file:


<bean name="/wsExecutionBridgeService" class="org.springframework.remoting.httpinvoker.HttpInvokerServiceExporter">
    <property name="service" ref="wsExecutionBridgeService"/>
    <property name="serviceInterface" value="com.hp.oo.flow.execution.services.WSExecutionBridgeService"/>
</bean>

The interesting part of this snippet is that HttpInvokerServiceExport expects the payload of an HTTP POST request to be usable by an ObjectInputStream. More importantly, HttpInvokerServiceExport indirectly calls readObject() on the payload which opens up the endpoint to deserialization vulnerabilities. For example, we can put a DiskFileItem object in the HTTP payload and generate a stack trace. When authentication is disabled, anyone can reach wsExecutionBridgeServer and trigger the above stack trace by POSTing objects to: http://[target]:8080/oo/backwards-compatibility/wsExecutionBridgeService. However, it does require authentication if the administrator has enabled that feature as previously noted.

Tenable created a simple proof of concept called hp-oo-exploits.html

consisting of a web page containing four buttons that, when pressed, exploit HP OO using four different ysoserial gadgets:

  1. FileUpload1: Creates a pseudo random named file in C:\Users\Public. Note that this file only lasts ~30 seconds before it gets deleted.
  2. BeanUtils1: Executes the command “cmd /c mkdir C:\Users\Public\beanutils_exploit”
  3. Spring1: Executes the command “cmd /c mkdir C:\Users\Public\spring1_exploit”
  4. Spring2: Executes the command “cmd /c mkdir C:\Users\Public\spring2_exploit”

Sorry, we just shared it with ZDI and not you.

Solution

HPE has released Operations Orchestration (HP OO) 10.70 to address this issue.

Disclosure Timeline

2016-04-06 - Issue discovered
2016-04-12 - Submitted to ZDI for consideration, case bainesjr0007 opened
2016-04-27 - ZDI having trouble making PoC work. Asks for tech support.
2016-04-27 - Tenable provides step-by-step guide including screenshots and log file info.
2016-06-14 - ZDI makes $1k offer. We accept.
2016-06-30 - ZDI reports issue to HP
2017-01-03 - HP releases advisory HPSBGN03688
2017-01-10 - ZDI releases ZDI-17-001

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