Amazon Linux 2 : kernel (ALASKERNEL-5.10-2022-009)

high Nessus Plugin ID 160451


The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.


The version of kernel installed on the remote host is prior to 5.10.93-87.444. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2KERNEL-5.10-2022-009 advisory.

- Rogue backends can cause DoS of guests via high frequency events T[his CNA information record relates to multiple CVEs; the text explains which aspects/vulnerabilities correspond to which CVE.] Xen offers the ability to run PV backends in regular unprivileged guests, typically referred to as driver domains.
Running PV backends in driver domains has one primary security advantage: if a driver domain gets compromised, it doesn't have the privileges to take over the system. However, a malicious driver domain could try to attack other guests via sending events at a high frequency leading to a Denial of Service in the guest due to trying to service interrupts for elongated amounts of time. There are three affected backends: * blkfront patch 1, CVE-2021-28711 * netfront patch 2, CVE-2021-28712 * hvc_xen (console) patch 3, CVE-2021-28713 (CVE-2021-28711, CVE-2021-28712, CVE-2021-28713)

- Guest can force Linux netback driver to hog large amounts of kernel memory T[his CNA information record relates to multiple CVEs; the text explains which aspects/vulnerabilities correspond to which CVE.] Incoming data packets for a guest in the Linux kernel's netback driver are buffered until the guest is ready to process them. There are some measures taken for avoiding to pile up too much data, but those can be bypassed by the guest: There is a timeout how long the client side of an interface can stop consuming new packets before it is assumed to have stalled, but this timeout is rather long (60 seconds by default).
Using a UDP connection on a fast interface can easily accumulate gigabytes of data in that time.
(CVE-2021-28715) The timeout could even never trigger if the guest manages to have only one free slot in its RX queue ring page and the next package would require more than one free slot, which may be the case when using GSO, XDP, or software hashing. (CVE-2021-28714) (CVE-2021-28714, CVE-2021-28715)

- A flaw was found in the Linux kernel's implementation of RDMA over infiniband. An attacker with a privileged local account can leak kernel stack information when issuing commands to the /dev/infiniband/rdma_cm device node. While this access is unlikely to leak sensitive user information, it can be further used to defeat existing kernel protection mechanisms. (CVE-2021-3923)

- A memory leak vulnerability was found in the Linux kernel's eBPF for the Simulated networking device driver in the way user uses BPF for the device such that function nsim_map_alloc_elem being called. A local user could use this flaw to get unauthorized access to some data. (CVE-2021-4135)

- A data leak flaw was found in the way XFS_IOC_ALLOCSP IOCTL in the XFS filesystem allowed for size increase of files with unaligned size. A local attacker could use this flaw to leak data on the XFS filesystem otherwise not accessible to them. (CVE-2021-4155)

- In the Linux kernel through 5.15.2, hw_atl_utils_fw_rpc_wait in drivers/net/ethernet/aquantia/atlantic/hw_atl/hw_atl_utils.c allows an attacker (who can introduce a crafted device) to trigger an out-of-bounds write via a crafted length value. (CVE-2021-43975)

- In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: sctp: use call_rcu to free endpoint This patch is to delay the endpoint free by calling call_rcu() to fix another use-after-free issue in sctp_sock_dump(): BUG: KASAN: use-after-free in __lock_acquire+0x36d9/0x4c20 Call Trace:
__lock_acquire+0x36d9/0x4c20 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3218 lock_acquire+0x1ed/0x520 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3844 __raw_spin_lock_bh include/linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:135 [inline]
_raw_spin_lock_bh+0x31/0x40 kernel/locking/spinlock.c:168 spin_lock_bh include/linux/spinlock.h:334 [inline] __lock_sock+0x203/0x350 net/core/sock.c:2253 lock_sock_nested+0xfe/0x120 net/core/sock.c:2774 lock_sock include/net/sock.h:1492 [inline] sctp_sock_dump+0x122/0xb20 net/sctp/diag.c:324 sctp_for_each_transport+0x2b5/0x370 net/sctp/socket.c:5091 sctp_diag_dump+0x3ac/0x660 net/sctp/diag.c:527
__inet_diag_dump+0xa8/0x140 net/ipv4/inet_diag.c:1049 inet_diag_dump+0x9b/0x110 net/ipv4/inet_diag.c:1065 netlink_dump+0x606/0x1080 net/netlink/af_netlink.c:2244 __netlink_dump_start+0x59a/0x7c0 net/netlink/af_netlink.c:2352 netlink_dump_start include/linux/netlink.h:216 [inline] inet_diag_handler_cmd+0x2ce/0x3f0 net/ipv4/inet_diag.c:1170 __sock_diag_cmd net/core/sock_diag.c:232 [inline] sock_diag_rcv_msg+0x31d/0x410 net/core/sock_diag.c:263 netlink_rcv_skb+0x172/0x440 net/netlink/af_netlink.c:2477 sock_diag_rcv+0x2a/0x40 net/core/sock_diag.c:274 This issue occurs when asoc is peeled off and the old sk is freed after getting it by asoc-> and before calling lock_sock(sk).
To prevent the sk free, as a holder of the sk, ep should be alive when calling lock_sock(). This patch uses call_rcu() and moves sock_put and ep free into sctp_endpoint_destroy_rcu(), so that it's safe to try to hold the ep under rcu_read_lock in sctp_transport_traverse_process(). If sctp_endpoint_hold() returns true, it means this ep is still alive and we have held it and can continue to dump it; If it returns false, it means this ep is dead and can be freed after rcu_read_unlock, and we should skip it. In sctp_sock_dump(), after locking the sk, if this ep is different from tsp->asoc->ep, it means during this dumping, this asoc was peeled off before calling lock_sock(), and the sk should be skipped; If this ep is the same with tsp->asoc->ep, it means no peeloff happens on this asoc, and due to lock_sock, no peeloff will happen either until release_sock. Note that delaying endpoint free won't delay the port release, as the port release happens in sctp_endpoint_destroy() before calling call_rcu(). Also, freeing endpoint by call_rcu() makes it safe to access the sk by asoc-> in sctp_assocs_seq_show() and sctp_rcv().
Thanks Jones to bring this issue up. v1->v2: - improve the changelog. - add kfree(ep) into sctp_endpoint_destroy_rcu(), as Jakub noticed. (CVE-2021-46929)

- In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: net/mlx5e: Wrap the tx reporter dump callback to extract the sq Function mlx5e_tx_reporter_dump_sq() casts its void * argument to struct mlx5e_txqsq *, but in TX-timeout-recovery flow the argument is actually of type struct mlx5e_tx_timeout_ctx *. mlx5_core 0000:08:00.1 enp8s0f1: TX timeout detected mlx5_core 0000:08:00.1 enp8s0f1: TX timeout on queue: 1, SQ: 0x11ec, CQ: 0x146d, SQ Cons: 0x0 SQ Prod: 0x1, usecs since last trans: 21565000 BUG: stack guard page was hit at 0000000093f1a2de (stack is 00000000b66ea0dc..000000004d932dae) kernel stack overflow (page fault): 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI CPU: 5 PID: 95 Comm: kworker/u20:1 Tainted: G W OE 5.13.0_mlnx #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS 04/01/2014 Workqueue: mlx5e mlx5e_tx_timeout_work [mlx5_core] RIP: 0010:mlx5e_tx_reporter_dump_sq+0xd3/0x180 [mlx5_core] Call Trace:
mlx5e_tx_reporter_dump+0x43/0x1c0 [mlx5_core] devlink_health_do_dump.part.91+0x71/0xd0 devlink_health_report+0x157/0x1b0 mlx5e_reporter_tx_timeout+0xb9/0xf0 [mlx5_core] ? mlx5e_tx_reporter_err_cqe_recover+0x1d0/0x1d0 [mlx5_core] ? mlx5e_health_queue_dump+0xd0/0xd0 [mlx5_core] ? update_load_avg+0x19b/0x550 ? set_next_entity+0x72/0x80 ? pick_next_task_fair+0x227/0x340 ? finish_task_switch+0xa2/0x280 mlx5e_tx_timeout_work+0x83/0xb0 [mlx5_core] process_one_work+0x1de/0x3a0 worker_thread+0x2d/0x3c0 ? process_one_work+0x3a0/0x3a0 kthread+0x115/0x130 ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90 ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 --[ end trace 51ccabea504edaff ]--- RIP: 0010:mlx5e_tx_reporter_dump_sq+0xd3/0x180 PKRU: 55555554 Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception Kernel Offset: disabled end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception To fix this bug add a wrapper for mlx5e_tx_reporter_dump_sq() which extracts the sq from struct mlx5e_tx_timeout_ctx and set it as the TX-timeout-recovery flow dump callback.

- In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: i2c: validate user data in compat ioctl Wrong user data may cause warning in i2c_transfer(), ex: zero msgs. Userspace should not be able to trigger warnings, so this patch adds validation checks for user data in compact ioctl to prevent reported warnings (CVE-2021-46934)

- In the Linux kernel, the following vulnerability has been resolved: net: fix use-after-free in tw_timer_handler A real world panic issue was found as follow in Linux 5.4. BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: ffffde49a863de28 PGD 7e6fe62067 P4D 7e6fe62067 PUD 7e6fe63067 PMD f51e064067 PTE 0 RIP:
0010:tw_timer_handler+0x20/0x40 Call Trace: <IRQ> call_timer_fn+0x2b/0x120 run_timer_softirq+0x1ef/0x450
__do_softirq+0x10d/0x2b8 irq_exit+0xc7/0xd0 smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x68/0x120 apic_timer_interrupt+0xf/0x20 This issue was also reported since 2017 in the thread [1], unfortunately, the issue was still can be reproduced after fixing DCCP. The ipv4_mib_exit_net is called before tcp_sk_exit_batch when a net namespace is destroyed since tcp_sk_ops is registered befrore ipv4_mib_ops, which means tcp_sk_ops is in the front of ipv4_mib_ops in the list of pernet_list. There will be a use- after-free on net->mib.net_statistics in tw_timer_handler after ipv4_mib_exit_net if there are some inflight time-wait timers. This bug is not introduced by commit f2bf415cfed7 (mib: add net to NET_ADD_STATS_BH) since the net_statistics is a global variable instead of dynamic allocation and freeing. Actually, commit 61a7e26028b9 (mib: put net statistics on struct net) introduces the bug since it put net statistics on struct net and free it when net namespace is destroyed. Moving init_ipv4_mibs() to the front of tcp_init() to fix this bug and replace pr_crit() with panic() since continuing is meaningless when init_ipv4_mibs() fails. [1]
_Kc6l4/m/smuL_FMAAgAJ?pli=1 (CVE-2021-46936)

- A heap-based buffer overflow flaw was found in the way the legacy_parse_param function in the Filesystem Context functionality of the Linux kernel verified the supplied parameters length. An unprivileged (in case of unprivileged user namespaces enabled, otherwise needs namespaced CAP_SYS_ADMIN privilege) local user able to open a filesystem that does not support the Filesystem Context API (and thus fallbacks to legacy handling) could use this flaw to escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-0185)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.


Run 'yum update kernel' to update your system.

See Also

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 160451

File Name: al2_ALASKERNEL-5_10-2022-009.nasl

Version: 1.9

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 5/2/2022

Updated: 4/26/2024

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Nessus Agent, Agentless Assessment, Nessus

Risk Information


Risk Factor: High

Score: 7.4


Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.2

Temporal Score: 6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-0185


Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.4

Temporal Score: 7.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:F/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.10.93-87.444, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python-perf-debuginfo, cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 1/26/2022

Vulnerability Publication Date: 1/11/2021

Exploitable With

Core Impact

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-28711, CVE-2021-28712, CVE-2021-28713, CVE-2021-28714, CVE-2021-28715, CVE-2021-3923, CVE-2021-4135, CVE-2021-4155, CVE-2021-43975, CVE-2021-46929, CVE-2021-46931, CVE-2021-46934, CVE-2021-46936, CVE-2022-0185