KB4525237: Windows 10 Version 1803 November 2019 Security Update

high Nessus Plugin ID 130907
New! Plugin Severity Now Using CVSS v3

The calculated severity for Plugins has been updated to use CVSS v3 by default. Plugins that do not have a CVSS v3 score will fall back to CVSS v2 for calculating severity. Severity display preferences can be toggled in the settings dropdown.

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4525237.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Windows Netlogon improperly handles a secure communications channel. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could downgrade aspects of the connection allowing for further modification of the transmission. (CVE-2019-1424)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-11135)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way Windows Error Reporting (WER) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1374)

- A local elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in how splwow64.exe handles certain calls. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could elevate privileges on an affected system from low-integrity to medium-integrity. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring splwow64.exe properly handles these calls.. (CVE-2019-1380)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists due to a race condition in Windows Subsystem for Linux. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1416)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2019-1429)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists where a NETLOGON message is able to obtain the session key and sign messages. (CVE-2019-1384)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2019-1407, CVE-2019-1433, CVE-2019-1435, CVE-2019-1438)

- An information vulnerability exists when Windows Modules Installer Service improperly discloses file information.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow the attacker to read the contents of a log file on disk.
(CVE-2019-1418)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows User Profile Service (ProfSvc) improperly handles symlinks. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could delete files and folders in an elevated context. (CVE-2019-1454)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Certificate Dialog when it does not properly enforce user privileges. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. An attacker could then install programs; view, change or delete data. (CVE-2019-1388)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows TCP/IP stack improperly handles IPv6 flowlabel filled in packets. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1324)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-12207, CVE-2019-1391)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1393, CVE-2019-1394, CVE-2019-1395, CVE-2019-1396, CVE-2019-1408)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Installer because of the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. (CVE-2019-1415)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0719, CVE-2019-0721)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when DirectWrite improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how DirectWrite handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2019-1411)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Servicing Stack allows access to unprivileged file locations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could potentially access unauthorized files. (CVE-2019-1381)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-1390)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1439)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1406)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) service improperly allows COM object creation. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1405)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-1389, CVE-2019-1397, CVE-2019-1398)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2019-0712, CVE-2019-1309, CVE-2019-1310)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library improperly handles specially crafted OpenType fonts. For all systems except Windows 10, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code remotely. For systems running Windows 10, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code in an AppContainer sandbox context with limited privileges and capabilities. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by either convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a webpage that contains specially crafted embedded OpenType fonts. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows Adobe Type Manager Library handles OpenType fonts. (CVE-2019-1419, CVE-2019-1456)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-1399)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Data Sharing Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Data Sharing Service handles file operations. (CVE-2019-1383, CVE-2019-1417)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when ActiveX Installer service may allow access to files without proper authentication. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could potentially access unauthorized files. (CVE-2019-1382)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Remote Procedure Call (RPC) runtime improperly initializes objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system.
(CVE-2019-1409)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the dssvc.dll handles file creation allowing for a file overwrite or creation in a secured location.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1420)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the win32k component improperly provides kernel information.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1436, CVE-2019-1440)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the iphlpsvc.dll handles file creation allowing for a file overwrite. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2019-1422)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows AppX Deployment Extensions improperly performs privilege management, resulting in access to system files. (CVE-2019-1385)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4525237.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?2194d569

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 130907

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_nov_4525237.nasl

Version: 1.12

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 11/12/2019

Updated: 8/18/2020

Dependencies: smb_check_rollup.nasl, smb_hotfixes.nasl, ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-1406

VPR

Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.8

Temporal Score: 7.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows, cpe:/a:microsoft:edge

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 11/12/2019

Vulnerability Publication Date: 11/12/2019

Exploitable With

Metasploit (Microsoft UPnP Local Privilege Elevation Vulnerability)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-12207, CVE-2019-0712, CVE-2019-0719, CVE-2019-0721, CVE-2019-1309, CVE-2019-1310, CVE-2019-1324, CVE-2019-1374, CVE-2019-1380, CVE-2019-1381, CVE-2019-1382, CVE-2019-1383, CVE-2019-1384, CVE-2019-1385, CVE-2019-1388, CVE-2019-1389, CVE-2019-1390, CVE-2019-1391, CVE-2019-1393, CVE-2019-1394, CVE-2019-1395, CVE-2019-1396, CVE-2019-1397, CVE-2019-1398, CVE-2019-1399, CVE-2019-1405, CVE-2019-1406, CVE-2019-1407, CVE-2019-1408, CVE-2019-1409, CVE-2019-1411, CVE-2019-1413, CVE-2019-1415, CVE-2019-1416, CVE-2019-1417, CVE-2019-1418, CVE-2019-1419, CVE-2019-1420, CVE-2019-1422, CVE-2019-1424, CVE-2019-1426, CVE-2019-1427, CVE-2019-1428, CVE-2019-1429, CVE-2019-1433, CVE-2019-1435, CVE-2019-1436, CVE-2019-1438, CVE-2019-1439, CVE-2019-1440, CVE-2019-1454, CVE-2019-1456, CVE-2019-11135

MSKB: 4525237

MSFT: MS19-4525237