Amazon Linux 2022 : (ALAS2022-2022-185)

high Nessus Plugin ID 167017

Synopsis

The remote Amazon Linux 2022 host is missing a security update.

Description

It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2022-2022-185 advisory.

- A flaw was found in the Linux kernel. The existing KVM SEV API has a vulnerability that allows a non-root (host) user-level application to crash the host kernel by creating a confidential guest VM instance in AMD CPU that supports Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV). (CVE-2022-0171)

- A use-after-free flaw was found in fs/ext4/namei.c:dx_insert_block() in the Linux kernel's filesystem sub- component. This flaw allows a local attacker with a user privilege to cause a denial of service.
(CVE-2022-1184)

- An out-of-bounds read flaw was found in the Linux kernel's TeleTYpe subsystem. The issue occurs in how a user triggers a race condition using ioctls TIOCSPTLCK and TIOCGPTPEER and TIOCSTI and TCXONC with leakage of memory in the flush_to_ldisc function. This flaw allows a local user to crash the system or read unauthorized random data from memory. (CVE-2022-1462)

- A use-after-free flaw was found in the Linux kernel's Atheros wireless adapter driver in the way a user forces the ath9k_htc_wait_for_target function to fail with some input messages. This flaw allows a local user to crash or potentially escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-1679)

- With shadow paging enabled, the INVPCID instruction results in a call to kvm_mmu_invpcid_gva. If INVPCID is executed with CR0.PG=0, the invlpg callback is not set and the result is a NULL pointer dereference.
(CVE-2022-1789)

- A NULL pointer dereference flaw was found in the Linux kernel's KVM module, which can lead to a denial of service in the x86_emulate_insn in arch/x86/kvm/emulate.c. This flaw occurs while executing an illegal instruction in guest in the Intel CPU. (CVE-2022-1852)

- A use-after-free flaw was found in the Linux kernel in log_replay in fs/ntfs3/fslog.c in the NTFS journal.
This flaw allows a local attacker to crash the system and leads to a kernel information leak problem.
(CVE-2022-1973)

- A vulnerability was found in the Linux kernel's nft_set_desc_concat_parse() function .This flaw allows an attacker to trigger a buffer overflow via nft_set_desc_concat_parse() , causing a denial of service and possibly to run code. (CVE-2022-2078)

- Incomplete cleanup of multi-core shared buffers for some Intel(R) Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-21123)

- Incomplete cleanup of microarchitectural fill buffers on some Intel(R) Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-21125)

- Incomplete cleanup in specific special register write operations for some Intel(R) Processors may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-21166)

- Aliases in the branch predictor may cause some AMD processors to predict the wrong branch type potentially leading to information disclosure. (CVE-2022-23825)

- Linux disk/nic frontends data leaks T[his CNA information record relates to multiple CVEs; the text explains which aspects/vulnerabilities correspond to which CVE.] Linux Block and Network PV device frontends don't zero memory regions before sharing them with the backend (CVE-2022-26365, CVE-2022-33740).
Additionally the granularity of the grant table doesn't allow sharing less than a 4K page, leading to unrelated data residing in the same 4K page as data shared with a backend being accessible by such backend (CVE-2022-33741, CVE-2022-33742). (CVE-2022-26365, CVE-2022-33740, CVE-2022-33741, CVE-2022-33742)

- Non-transparent sharing of return predictor targets between contexts in some Intel(R) Processors may allow an authorized user to potentially enable information disclosure via local access. (CVE-2022-26373)

- An issue was found in the Linux kernel in nf_conntrack_irc where the message handling can be confused and incorrectly matches the message. A firewall may be able to be bypassed when users are using unencrypted IRC with nf_conntrack_irc configured. (CVE-2022-2663)

- An out-of-bounds memory read flaw was found in the Linux kernel's BPF subsystem in how a user calls the bpf_tail_call function with a key larger than the max_entries of the map. This flaw allows a local user to gain unauthorized access to data. (CVE-2022-2905)

- Mis-trained branch predictions for return instructions may allow arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29900)

- Intel microprocessor generations 6 to 8 are affected by a new Spectre variant that is able to bypass their retpoline mitigation in the kernel to leak arbitrary data. An attacker with unprivileged user access can hijack return instructions to achieve arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-29901)

- A race condition was found in the Linux kernel's IP framework for transforming packets (XFRM subsystem) when multiple calls to xfrm_probe_algs occurred simultaneously. This flaw could allow a local attacker to potentially trigger an out-of-bounds write or leak kernel heap memory by performing an out-of-bounds read and copying it into a socket. (CVE-2022-3028)

- Found Linux Kernel flaw in the i740 driver. The Userspace program could pass any values to the driver through ioctl() interface. The driver doesn't check the value of 'pixclock', so it may cause a divide by zero error. (CVE-2022-3061)

- There exists a use-after-free in io_uring in the Linux kernel. Signalfd_poll() and binder_poll() use a waitqueue whose lifetime is the current task. It will send a POLLFREE notification to all waiters before the queue is freed. Unfortunately, the io_uring poll doesn't handle POLLFREE. This allows a use-after-free to occur if a signalfd or binder fd is polled with io_uring poll, and the waitqueue gets freed. We recommend upgrading past commit fc78b2fc21f10c4c9c4d5d659a685710ffa63659 (CVE-2022-3176)

- net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.1 allows a local user (able to create user/net namespaces) to escalate privileges to root because an incorrect NFT_STATEFUL_EXPR check leads to a use-after-free. (CVE-2022-32250)

- An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.18.3 on powerpc 32-bit platforms. There is a buffer overflow in ptrace PEEKUSER and POKEUSER (aka PEEKUSR and POKEUSR) when accessing floating point registers. (CVE-2022-32981)

- A race condition flaw was found in the Linux kernel sound subsystem due to improper locking. It could lead to a NULL pointer dereference while handling the SNDCTL_DSP_SYNC ioctl. A privileged local user (root or member of the audio group) could use this flaw to crash the system, resulting in a denial of service condition (CVE-2022-3303)

- network backend may cause Linux netfront to use freed SKBs While adding logic to support XDP (eXpress Data Path), a code label was moved in a way allowing for SKBs having references (pointers) retained for further processing to nevertheless be freed. (CVE-2022-33743)

- rpmsg_virtio_add_ctrl_dev in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a double free. (CVE-2022-34494)

- rpmsg_probe in drivers/rpmsg/virtio_rpmsg_bus.c in the Linux kernel before 5.18.4 has a double free.
(CVE-2022-34495)

- An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.18.9. A type confusion bug in nft_set_elem_init (leading to a buffer overflow) could be used by a local attacker to escalate privileges, a different vulnerability than CVE-2022-32250. (The attacker can obtain root access, but must start with an unprivileged user namespace to obtain CAP_NET_ADMIN access.) This can be fixed in nft_setelem_parse_data in net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c. (CVE-2022-34918)

- The Linux kernel before 5.18.13 lacks a certain clear operation for the block starting symbol (.bss). This allows Xen PV guest OS users to cause a denial of service or gain privileges. (CVE-2022-36123)

- An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.18.14. xfrm_expand_policies in net/xfrm/xfrm_policy.c can cause a refcount to be dropped twice. (CVE-2022-36879)

- nfqnl_mangle in net/netfilter/nfnetlink_queue.c in the Linux kernel through 5.18.14 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (panic) because, in the case of an nf_queue verdict with a one-byte nfta_payload attribute, an skb_pull can encounter a negative skb->len. (CVE-2022-36946)

- An issue was discovered the x86 KVM subsystem in the Linux kernel before 5.18.17. Unprivileged guest users can compromise the guest kernel because TLB flush operations are mishandled in certain KVM_VCPU_PREEMPTED situations. (CVE-2022-39189)

- An issue was discovered in net/netfilter/nf_tables_api.c in the Linux kernel before 5.19.6. A denial of service can occur upon binding to an already bound chain. (CVE-2022-39190)

- An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel before 5.19. In pxa3xx_gcu_write in drivers/video/fbdev/pxa3xx-gcu.c, the count parameter has a type conflict of size_t versus int, causing an integer overflow and bypassing the size check. After that, because it is used as the third argument to copy_from_user(), a heap overflow may occur. (CVE-2022-39842)

- An issue was discovered in the Linux kernel through 5.19.8. drivers/firmware/efi/capsule-loader.c has a race condition with a resultant use-after-free. (CVE-2022-40307)

- A flaw was found in the Linux kernel. The existing KVM SEV API has a vulnerability that allows a non-root (host) user-level application to crash the host kernel by creating a confidential guest VM instance in AMD CPU that supports Secure Encrypted Virtualization (SEV). (CVE-2022-0171) (CVE-2022-21505)

- kernel: posix cpu timer use-after-free may lead to local privilege escalation (CVE-2022-2585)

- A use-after-free flaw was found in the Linux kernel's Atheros wireless adapter driver in the way a user forces the ath9k_htc_wait_for_target function to fail with some input messages. This flaw allows a local user to crash or potentially escalate their privileges on the system. (CVE-2022-1679) (CVE-2022-2586)

- kernel: a use-after-free in cls_route filter implementation may lead to privilege escalation (CVE-2022-2588)

- A flaw was found in hw. Mis-trained branch predictions for return instructions may allow arbitrary speculative code execution under certain microarchitecture-dependent conditions. (CVE-2022-28693)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Run 'dnf update kernel --releasever=2022.0.20221102' to update your system.

See Also

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2022/ALAS-2022-185.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-0171.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1184.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1462.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1679.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1789.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1852.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1972.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-1973.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2078.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-21123.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-21125.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-21166.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-21505.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-23825.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2585.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2586.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2588.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-26365.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-26373.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2663.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-28693.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-2905.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-29900.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-29901.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-3028.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-3061.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-3176.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-32250.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-32981.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-3303.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-33740.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-33741.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-33742.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-33743.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-34494.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-34495.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-34918.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-36123.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-36879.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-36946.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-39189.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-39190.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-39842.html

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/cve/html/CVE-2022-40307.html

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 167017

File Name: al2022_ALAS2022-2022-185.nasl

Version: 1.8

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 11/5/2022

Updated: 1/16/2024

Supported Sensors: Agentless Assessment, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Nessus Agent, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.8

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.2

Temporal Score: 6.3

Vector: CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-34918

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.8

Temporal Score: 8.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-27223

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-libbpf, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-livepatch-5.15.73-45.135, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python3-perf, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf, cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2022, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-headers, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:bpftool, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-aarch64, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo-common-x86_64, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:python3-perf-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-tools, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-libbpf-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-libbpf-static, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:perf-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:kernel-debuginfo

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 11/1/2022

Vulnerability Publication Date: 5/16/2022

CISA Known Exploited Vulnerability Due Dates: 5/16/2022

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Core Impact

Metasploit (Netfilter nft_set_elem_init Heap Overflow Privilege Escalation)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-26341, CVE-2021-26401, CVE-2022-0001, CVE-2022-0002, CVE-2022-0171, CVE-2022-0185, CVE-2022-0492, CVE-2022-0494, CVE-2022-0500, CVE-2022-0742, CVE-2022-0847, CVE-2022-0854, CVE-2022-1015, CVE-2022-1016, CVE-2022-1055, CVE-2022-1158, CVE-2022-1184, CVE-2022-1199, CVE-2022-1263, CVE-2022-1353, CVE-2022-1462, CVE-2022-1679, CVE-2022-1729, CVE-2022-1789, CVE-2022-1852, CVE-2022-1972, CVE-2022-1973, CVE-2022-2078, CVE-2022-21123, CVE-2022-21125, CVE-2022-21166, CVE-2022-21505, CVE-2022-23222, CVE-2022-23825, CVE-2022-23960, CVE-2022-24958, CVE-2022-25636, CVE-2022-2585, CVE-2022-2586, CVE-2022-2588, CVE-2022-2602, CVE-2022-26365, CVE-2022-26373, CVE-2022-2663, CVE-2022-27223, CVE-2022-28693, CVE-2022-28893, CVE-2022-2905, CVE-2022-29156, CVE-2022-29581, CVE-2022-29582, CVE-2022-29900, CVE-2022-29901, CVE-2022-3028, CVE-2022-30594, CVE-2022-3061, CVE-2022-3176, CVE-2022-32250, CVE-2022-32981, CVE-2022-3303, CVE-2022-33740, CVE-2022-33741, CVE-2022-33742, CVE-2022-33743, CVE-2022-34494, CVE-2022-34495, CVE-2022-34918, CVE-2022-36123, CVE-2022-36879, CVE-2022-36946, CVE-2022-39188, CVE-2022-39189, CVE-2022-39190, CVE-2022-39842, CVE-2022-40307