KB5025288: Windows 8.1 Embedded and Windows Server 2012 R2 Security Update (April 2023)

critical Nessus Plugin ID 174118


The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.


The remote Windows host is missing security update 5025288. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities

- Microsoft WDAC OLE DB provider for SQL Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28275)

- Windows Pragmatic General Multicast (PGM) Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-28250)

- Microsoft Message Queuing Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2023-21554)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.


Apply Security Update 5025288 or Cumulative Update 5025285

See Also



Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 174118

File Name: smb_nt_ms23_apr_5025288.nasl

Version: 1.9

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 4/11/2023

Updated: 6/17/2024

Supported Sensors: Nessus

Risk Information


Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.5


Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 8.7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-28275


Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 9.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-28250

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_8, cpe:/o:microsoft:windows_server_2012:r2

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 4/11/2023

Vulnerability Publication Date: 4/11/2023

CISA Known Exploited Vulnerability Due Dates: 5/2/2023, 10/25/2023

Exploitable With

Core Impact

Metasploit (Windows Common Log File System Driver (clfs.sys) Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2023-21554, CVE-2023-21727, CVE-2023-21729, CVE-2023-21769, CVE-2023-24883, CVE-2023-24884, CVE-2023-24885, CVE-2023-24886, CVE-2023-24887, CVE-2023-24912, CVE-2023-24924, CVE-2023-24925, CVE-2023-24926, CVE-2023-24927, CVE-2023-24928, CVE-2023-24929, CVE-2023-24931, CVE-2023-28216, CVE-2023-28217, CVE-2023-28218, CVE-2023-28219, CVE-2023-28220, CVE-2023-28222, CVE-2023-28223, CVE-2023-28224, CVE-2023-28227, CVE-2023-28228, CVE-2023-28229, CVE-2023-28231, CVE-2023-28232, CVE-2023-28236, CVE-2023-28237, CVE-2023-28238, CVE-2023-28240, CVE-2023-28241, CVE-2023-28243, CVE-2023-28244, CVE-2023-28247, CVE-2023-28249, CVE-2023-28250, CVE-2023-28252, CVE-2023-28253, CVE-2023-28254, CVE-2023-28255, CVE-2023-28256, CVE-2023-28266, CVE-2023-28267, CVE-2023-28268, CVE-2023-28269, CVE-2023-28271, CVE-2023-28272, CVE-2023-28275, CVE-2023-28276, CVE-2023-28278, CVE-2023-28293, CVE-2023-28298, CVE-2023-28302, CVE-2023-28305, CVE-2023-28306, CVE-2023-28307, CVE-2023-28308

IAVA: 2023-A-0188-S, 2023-A-0190-S

MSFT: MS23-5025285, MS23-5025288

MSKB: 5025285, 5025288