CVE-2021-40444

high

Description

<p>Microsoft is investigating reports of a remote code execution vulnerability in MSHTML that affects Microsoft Windows. Microsoft is aware of targeted attacks that attempt to exploit this vulnerability by using specially-crafted Microsoft Office documents.</p> <p>An attacker could craft a malicious ActiveX control to be used by a Microsoft Office document that hosts the browser rendering engine. The attacker would then have to convince the user to open the malicious document. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights.</p> <p>Microsoft Defender Antivirus and Microsoft Defender for Endpoint both provide detection and protections for the known vulnerability. Customers should keep antimalware products up to date. Customers who utilize automatic updates do not need to take additional action. Enterprise customers who manage updates should select the detection build 1.349.22.0 or newer and deploy it across their environments. Microsoft Defender for Endpoint alerts will be displayed as: “Suspicious Cpl File Execution”.</p> <p>Upon completion of this investigation, Microsoft will take the appropriate action to help protect our customers. This may include providing a security update through our monthly release process or providing an out-of-cycle security update, depending on customer needs.</p> <p>Please see the <strong>Mitigations</strong> and <strong>Workaround</strong> sections for important information about steps you can take to protect your system from this vulnerability.</p> <p><strong>UPDATE</strong> September 14, 2021: Microsoft has released security updates to address this vulnerability. Please see the Security Updates table for the applicable update for your system. We recommend that you install these updates immediately. Please see the FAQ for important information about which updates are applicable to your system.</p>

From the Tenable Blog

Microsoft’s September 2021 Patch Tuesday Addresses 60 CVEs (CVE-2021-40444)
Microsoft’s September 2021 Patch Tuesday Addresses 60 CVEs (CVE-2021-40444)

Published: 2021-09-14

Microsoft addresses 60 CVEs in its September 2021 Patch Tuesday release, along with patches for a critical vulnerability in its MSHTML (Trident) engine that was first disclosed in an out-of-band advisory on September 7.

References

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/164210/Microsoft-Windows-MSHTML-Overview.html

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/165214/Microsoft-Office-Word-MSHTML-Remote-Code-Execution.html

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/167317/Microsoft-Office-MSDT-Follina-Proof-Of-Concept.html

https://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2021-40444

https://www.tenable.com/blog/accellion-patches-file-transfer-appliance-vulnerabilities-cve-2021-27101-cve-2021-27102-cve-2021-27103-cve-2021-27104

Details

Source: Mitre, NVD

Published: 2021-09-15

Risk Information

CVSS v2

Base Score: 6.8

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

Severity: Medium

CVSS v3

Base Score: 8.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:H/A:L

Severity: High