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VPR Score: 5.9
SynopsisThe remote Amazon Linux AMI host is missing a security update.
DescriptionLOGJAM: A flaw was found in the way the TLS protocol composes the Diffie-Hellman exchange (for both export and non-export grade cipher suites). An attacker could use this flaw to downgrade a DHE connection to use export-grade key sizes, which could then be broken by sufficient pre-computation. This can lead to a passive man-in-the-middle attack in which the attacker is able to decrypt all traffic. (CVE-2015-4000)
An out-of-bounds read flaw was found in the X509_cmp_time() function of OpenSSL, which is used to test the expiry dates of SSL/TLS certificates. An attacker could possibly use a specially crafted SSL/TLS certificate or CRL (Certificate Revocation List), which when parsed by an application would cause that application to crash.
A NULL pointer dereference was found in the way OpenSSL handled certain PKCS#7 inputs. An attacker able to make an application using OpenSSL verify, decrypt, or parse a specially crafted PKCS#7 input could cause that application to crash. TLS/SSL clients and servers using OpenSSL were not affected by this flaw. (CVE-2015-1790)
A race condition was found in the session handling code of OpenSSL. An attacker could cause a multi-threaded SSL/TLS server to crash.
A denial of service flaw was found in OpenSSL in the way it verified certain signed messages using CMS (Cryptographic Message Syntax). A remote attacker could cause an application using OpenSSL to use excessive amounts of memory by sending a specially crafted message for verification. (CVE-2015-1792)
An invalid-free flaw was found in the way OpenSSL handled certain DTLS handshake messages. A malicious DTLS client or server could send a specially crafted message to the peer, which could cause the application to crash or potentially cause arbitrary code execution.
A regression was found in the ssleay_rand_bytes() function. This could lead a multi-threaded application to crash. (CVE-2015-3216)
SolutionRun 'yum update openssl' to update your system.