AlmaLinux 9 : opensc (ALSA-2023:7879)

medium Nessus Plugin ID 187215

Synopsis

The remote AlmaLinux host is missing one or more security updates.

Description

The remote AlmaLinux 9 host has a package installed that is affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALSA-2023:7879 advisory.

- A flaw was found in OpenSC packages that allow a potential PIN bypass. When a token/card is authenticated by one process, it can perform cryptographic operations in other processes when an empty zero-length pin is passed. This issue poses a security risk, particularly for OS logon/screen unlock and for small, permanently connected tokens to computers. Additionally, the token can internally track login status. This flaw allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access, carry out malicious actions, or compromise the system without the user's awareness. (CVE-2023-40660)

- Several memory vulnerabilities were identified within the OpenSC packages, particularly in the card enrollment process using pkcs15-init when a user or administrator enrolls cards. To take advantage of these flaws, an attacker must have physical access to the computer system and employ a custom-crafted USB device or smart card to manipulate responses to APDUs. This manipulation can potentially allow compromise key generation, certificate loading, and other card management operations during enrollment.
(CVE-2023-40661)

- An out-of-bounds read vulnerability was found in OpenSC packages within the MyEID driver when handling symmetric key encryption. Exploiting this flaw requires an attacker to have physical access to the computer and a specially crafted USB device or smart card. This flaw allows the attacker to manipulate APDU responses and potentially gain unauthorized access to sensitive data, compromising the system's security. (CVE-2023-4535)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Update the affected opensc package.

See Also

https://errata.almalinux.org/9/ALSA-2023-7879.html

Plugin Details

Severity: Medium

ID: 187215

File Name: alma_linux_ALSA-2023-7879.nasl

Version: 1.0

Type: local

Published: 12/22/2023

Updated: 12/22/2023

Supported Sensors: Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.2

Temporal Score: 5.3

Vector: CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-40660

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 6.6

Temporal Score: 5.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:P/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:alma:linux:opensc, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::appstream, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::baseos, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::crb, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::highavailability, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::nfv, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::realtime, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::resilientstorage, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::sap, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::sap_hana, cpe:/o:alma:linux:9::supplementary

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AlmaLinux/release, Host/AlmaLinux/rpm-list, Host/cpu

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 12/19/2023

Vulnerability Publication Date: 10/30/2023

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2023-40660, CVE-2023-40661, CVE-2023-4535

CWE: 119, 125, 287