macOS 14.x < 14.2 Multiple Vulnerabilities (HT214036)

critical Nessus Plugin ID 186724

Synopsis

The remote host is missing a macOS update that fixes multiple vulnerabilities

Description

The remote host is running a version of macOS / Mac OS X that is 14.x prior to 14.2. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities:

- This issue was addressed with improved state management. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2. Secure text fields may be displayed via the Accessibility Keyboard when using a physical keyboard.
(CVE-2023-42874)

- A privacy issue was addressed with improved private data redaction for log entries. This issue is fixed in iOS 16.7.5 and iPadOS 16.7.5, watchOS 10.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.4, macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Monterey 12.7.3, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2. An app may be able to access sensitive user data. (CVE-2023-42937)

- A privacy issue was addressed with improved private data redaction for log entries. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, watchOS 10.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to access sensitive user data. (CVE-2023-42919)

- This issue was addressed with improved redaction of sensitive information. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to access information about a user's contacts. (CVE-2023-42894)

- Multiple memory corruption issues were addressed with improved input validation. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2. Processing a maliciously crafted file may lead to unexpected app termination or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42901, CVE-2023-42902, CVE-2023-42903, CVE-2023-42904, CVE-2023-42905, CVE-2023-42906, CVE-2023-42907, CVE-2023-42908, CVE-2023-42909, CVE-2023-42910, CVE-2023-42911, CVE-2023-42912, CVE-2023-42926)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2.
Processing an image may lead to arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42882)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2.
Processing a file may lead to unexpected app termination or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42881)

- A logic issue was addressed with improved checks. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3. An app may be able to access sensitive user data. (CVE-2023-42924)

- This issue was addressed with improved redaction of sensitive information. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, tvOS 17.2, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3. An app may be able to disclose kernel memory. (CVE-2023-42884)

- Bluetooth HID Hosts in BlueZ may permit an unauthenticated Peripheral role HID Device to initiate and establish an encrypted connection, and accept HID keyboard reports, potentially permitting injection of HID messages when no user interaction has occurred in the Central role to authorize such access. An example affected package is bluez 5.64-0ubuntu1 in Ubuntu 22.04LTS. NOTE: in some cases, a CVE-2020-0556 mitigation would have already addressed this Bluetooth HID Hosts issue. (CVE-2023-45866)

- The issue was addressed with improved checks. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2. An app may be able to access user-sensitive data. (CVE-2023-42900)

- An out-of-bounds read was addressed with improved bounds checking. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. A user may be able to cause unexpected app termination or arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42886)

- When curl retrieves an HTTP response, it stores the incoming headers so that they can be accessed later via the libcurl headers API. However, curl did not have a limit in how many or how large headers it would accept in a response, allowing a malicious server to stream an endless series of headers and eventually cause curl to run out of heap memory. (CVE-2023-38039)

- This flaw makes curl overflow a heap based buffer in the SOCKS5 proxy handshake. When curl is asked to pass along the host name to the SOCKS5 proxy to allow that to resolve the address instead of it getting done by curl itself, the maximum length that host name can be is 255 bytes. If the host name is detected to be longer, curl switches to local name resolving and instead passes on the resolved address only. Due to this bug, the local variable that means let the host resolve the name could get the wrong value during a slow SOCKS5 handshake, and contrary to the intention, copy the too long host name to the target buffer instead of copying just the resolved address there. The target buffer being a heap based buffer, and the host name coming from the URL that curl has been told to operate with. (CVE-2023-38545)

- CVE-2023-38545 is a heap-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the SOCKS5 proxy handshake in libcurl and curl. When curl is given a hostname to pass along to a SOCKS5 proxy that is greater than 255 bytes in length, it will switch to local name resolution in order to resolve the address before passing it on to the SOCKS5 proxy. However, due to a bug introduced in 2020, this local name resolution could fail due to a slow SOCKS5 handshake, causing curl to pass on the hostname greater than 255 bytes in length into the target buffer, leading to a heap overflow. The advisory for CVE-2023-38545 gives an example exploitation scenario of a malicious HTTPS server redirecting to a specially crafted URL. While it might seem that an attacker would need to influence the slowness of the SOCKS5 handshake, the advisory states that server latency is likely slow enough to trigger this bug. (CVE-2023-38545)

- This flaw allows an attacker to insert cookies at will into a running program using libcurl, if the specific series of conditions are met. libcurl performs transfers. In its API, an application creates easy handles that are the individual handles for single transfers. libcurl provides a function call that duplicates en easy handle called [curl_easy_duphandle](https://curl.se/libcurl/c/curl_easy_duphandle.html). If a transfer has cookies enabled when the handle is duplicated, the cookie-enable state is also cloned - but without cloning the actual cookies. If the source handle did not read any cookies from a specific file on disk, the cloned version of the handle would instead store the file name as `none` (using the four ASCII letters, no quotes). Subsequent use of the cloned handle that does not explicitly set a source to load cookies from would then inadvertently load cookies from a file named `none` - if such a file exists and is readable in the current directory of the program using libcurl. And if using the correct file format of course.
(CVE-2023-38546)

- CVE-2023-38546 is a cookie injection vulnerability in the curl_easy_duphandle(), a function in libcurl that duplicates easy handles. When duplicating an easy handle, if cookies are enabled, the duplicated easy handle will not duplicate the cookies themselves, but would instead set the filename to none.' Therefore, when the duplicated easy handle is subsequently used, if a source was not set for the cookies, libcurl would attempt to load them from the file named none' on the disk. This vulnerability is rated low, as the various conditions required for exploitation are unlikely. (CVE-2023-38546)

- This issue was addressed with improved redaction of sensitive information. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to read sensitive location information. (CVE-2023-42922)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, watchOS 10.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, tvOS 17.2. Processing an image may lead to arbitrary code execution.
(CVE-2023-42898)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, watchOS 10.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, tvOS 17.2, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. Processing an image may lead to arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42899)

- The issue was addressed with improved checks. This issue is fixed in iOS 16.7.5 and iPadOS 16.7.5, watchOS 10.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.4, macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Monterey 12.7.3, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2. Processing a maliciously crafted image may result in disclosure of process memory. (CVE-2023-42888)

- An authentication issue was addressed with improved state management. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to monitor keystrokes without user permission. (CVE-2023-42891)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, watchOS 10.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, tvOS 17.2, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to break out of its sandbox. (CVE-2023-42914)

- A flaw was found in libtiff. A specially crafted tiff file can lead to a segmentation fault due to a buffer overflow in the Fax3Encode function in libtiff/tif_fax3.c, resulting in a denial of service.
(CVE-2023-3618)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in one_one_mapping function in progs/dump_entry.c:1373 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19185)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in _nc_find_entry function in tinfo/comp_hash.c:66 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19186)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in fmt_entry function in progs/dump_entry.c:1100 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19187)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in fmt_entry function in progs/dump_entry.c:1116 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19188)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in postprocess_terminfo function in tinfo/parse_entry.c:997 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19189)

- Buffer Overflow vulnerability in _nc_find_entry in tinfo/comp_hash.c:70 in ncurses 6.1 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service via crafted command. (CVE-2020-19190)

- An access issue was addressed with additional sandbox restrictions. This issue is fixed in macOS Ventura 13.6.4, macOS Sonoma 14.2. An app may be able to read arbitrary files. (CVE-2023-42887)

- The issue was addressed with improved checks. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.1. An app may be able to access sensitive user data. (CVE-2023-42842)

- A logic issue was addressed with improved checks. This issue is fixed in macOS Sonoma 14.2, macOS Ventura 13.6.3, macOS Monterey 12.7.2. An app may be able to access protected user data. (CVE-2023-42932)

- Heap-based Buffer Overflow in GitHub repository vim/vim prior to 9.0.1969. (CVE-2023-5344)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in Safari 17.2, macOS Sonoma 14.2, watchOS 10.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, tvOS 17.2. Processing web content may lead to arbitrary code execution. (CVE-2023-42890)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. This issue is fixed in Safari 17.2, macOS Sonoma 14.2, iOS 17.2 and iPadOS 17.2, watchOS 10.2, tvOS 17.2, iOS 16.7.3 and iPadOS 16.7.3. Processing an image may lead to a denial-of-service. (CVE-2023-42883)

- An issue was addressed with improved handling of temporary files. (CVE-2023-42896)

- A permissions issue was addressed by removing vulnerable code and adding additional checks.
(CVE-2023-42893)

- This issue was addressed with improved redaction of sensitive information. (CVE-2023-42936)

- A path handling issue was addressed with improved validation. (CVE-2023-42947)

- A use after free issue was addressed with improved memory management. (CVE-2023-42950)

- The issue was addressed with improved memory handling. (CVE-2023-42956)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the operating system's self-reported version number.

Solution

Upgrade to macOS 14.2 or later.

See Also

https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT214036

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 186724

File Name: macos_HT214036.nasl

Version: 1.17

Type: local

Agent: macosx

Published: 12/11/2023

Updated: 5/17/2024

Supported Sensors: Nessus Agent, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 8.4

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 7.8

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-42950

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 8.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-38545

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:apple:macos, cpe:/o:apple:mac_os_x

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 12/11/2023

Vulnerability Publication Date: 8/22/2023

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2020-19185, CVE-2020-19186, CVE-2020-19187, CVE-2020-19188, CVE-2020-19189, CVE-2020-19190, CVE-2023-3618, CVE-2023-38039, CVE-2023-38545, CVE-2023-38546, CVE-2023-40390, CVE-2023-42842, CVE-2023-42874, CVE-2023-42881, CVE-2023-42882, CVE-2023-42883, CVE-2023-42884, CVE-2023-42886, CVE-2023-42887, CVE-2023-42888, CVE-2023-42890, CVE-2023-42891, CVE-2023-42892, CVE-2023-42893, CVE-2023-42894, CVE-2023-42896, CVE-2023-42898, CVE-2023-42899, CVE-2023-42900, CVE-2023-42901, CVE-2023-42902, CVE-2023-42903, CVE-2023-42904, CVE-2023-42905, CVE-2023-42906, CVE-2023-42907, CVE-2023-42908, CVE-2023-42909, CVE-2023-42910, CVE-2023-42911, CVE-2023-42912, CVE-2023-42913, CVE-2023-42914, CVE-2023-42919, CVE-2023-42922, CVE-2023-42924, CVE-2023-42926, CVE-2023-42930, CVE-2023-42931, CVE-2023-42932, CVE-2023-42936, CVE-2023-42937, CVE-2023-42947, CVE-2023-42950, CVE-2023-42956, CVE-2023-42974, CVE-2023-45866, CVE-2023-5344

APPLE-SA: HT214036

IAVA: 2023-A-0679-S, 2024-A-0179-S, 2024-A-0275