Amazon Linux 2 : dnsmasq (ALAS-2021-1587)

low Nessus Plugin ID 145454
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Synopsis

The remote Amazon Linux 2 host is missing a security update.

Description

The version of dnsmasq installed on the remote host is prior to 2.76-16. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2-2021-1587 advisory.

- A flaw was found in dnsmasq before version 2.83. When getting a reply from a forwarded query, dnsmasq checks in the forward.c:reply_query() if the reply destination address/port is used by the pending forwarded queries. However, it does not use the address/port to retrieve the exact forwarded query, substantially reducing the number of attempts an attacker on the network would have to perform to forge a reply and get it accepted by dnsmasq. This issue contrasts with RFC5452, which specifies a query's attributes that all must be used to match a reply. This flaw allows an attacker to perform a DNS Cache Poisoning attack. If chained with CVE-2020-25685 or CVE-2020-25686, the attack complexity of a successful attack is reduced. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data integrity. (CVE-2020-25684)

- A flaw was found in dnsmasq before version 2.83. When getting a reply from a forwarded query, dnsmasq checks in forward.c:reply_query(), which is the forwarded query that matches the reply, by only using a weak hash of the query name. Due to the weak hash (CRC32 when dnsmasq is compiled without DNSSEC, SHA-1 when it is) this flaw allows an off-path attacker to find several different domains all having the same hash, substantially reducing the number of attempts they would have to perform to forge a reply and get it accepted by dnsmasq. This is in contrast with RFC5452, which specifies that the query name is one of the attributes of a query that must be used to match a reply. This flaw could be abused to perform a DNS Cache Poisoning attack. If chained with CVE-2020-25684 the attack complexity of a successful attack is reduced.
The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data integrity. (CVE-2020-25685)

- A flaw was found in dnsmasq before version 2.83. When receiving a query, dnsmasq does not check for an existing pending request for the same name and forwards a new request. By default, a maximum of 150 pending queries can be sent to upstream servers, so there can be at most 150 queries for the same name.
This flaw allows an off-path attacker on the network to substantially reduce the number of attempts that it would have to perform to forge a reply and have it accepted by dnsmasq. This issue is mentioned in the Birthday Attacks section of RFC5452. If chained with CVE-2020-25684, the attack complexity of a successful attack is reduced. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data integrity.
(CVE-2020-25686)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Run 'yum update dnsmasq' to update your system.

See Also

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/AL2/ALAS-2021-1587.html

https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2020-25684

https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2020-25685

https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2020-25686

Plugin Details

Severity: Low

ID: 145454

File Name: al2_ALAS-2021-1587.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 1/26/2021

Updated: 1/26/2021

Dependencies: ssh_get_info.nasl

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2020-25686

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 4.9

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 4.3

Temporal Score: 3.2

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Low

Base Score: 3.7

Temporal Score: 3.2

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:dnsmasq, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:dnsmasq-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:dnsmasq-utils, cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 1/25/2021

Vulnerability Publication Date: 1/19/2021

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2020-25684, CVE-2020-25685, CVE-2020-25686

ALAS: 2021-1587