CVE-2020-25685

low

Description

A flaw was found in dnsmasq before version 2.83. When getting a reply from a forwarded query, dnsmasq checks in forward.c:reply_query(), which is the forwarded query that matches the reply, by only using a weak hash of the query name. Due to the weak hash (CRC32 when dnsmasq is compiled without DNSSEC, SHA-1 when it is) this flaw allows an off-path attacker to find several different domains all having the same hash, substantially reducing the number of attempts they would have to perform to forge a reply and get it accepted by dnsmasq. This is in contrast with RFC5452, which specifies that the query name is one of the attributes of a query that must be used to match a reply. This flaw could be abused to perform a DNS Cache Poisoning attack. If chained with CVE-2020-25684 the attack complexity of a successful attack is reduced. The highest threat from this vulnerability is to data integrity.

References

https://www.jsof-tech.com/disclosures/dnspooq/

https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1889688

https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/[email protected]/message/WYW3IR6APUSKOYKL5FT3ACTIHWHGQY32/

https://security.gentoo.org/glsa/202101-17

https://www.debian.org/security/2021/dsa-4844

https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/[email protected]/message/QGB7HL3OWHTLEPSMLDGOMXQKG3KM2QME/

https://www.arista.com/en/support/advisories-notices/security-advisories/12135-security-advisory-61

Details

Source: MITRE

Published: 2021-01-20

Updated: 2022-02-14

Type: CWE-326

Risk Information

CVSS v2

Base Score: 4.3

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N

Impact Score: 2.9

Exploitability Score: 8.6

Severity: MEDIUM

CVSS v3

Base Score: 3.7

Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N

Impact Score: 1.4

Exploitability Score: 2.2

Severity: LOW