KB4598287: Windows Server 2008 January 2021 Security Update

critical Nessus Plugin ID 144878

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4598287 or cumulative update 4598288. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists. An attacker can exploit this and bypass the security feature and perform unauthorized actions compromising the integrity of the system/application. (CVE-2021-1678)

- An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive information. (CVE-2021-1676, CVE-2021-1696, CVE-2021-1699, CVE-2021-1708)

- A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to bypass authentication and execute unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2021-1657, CVE-2021-1658, CVE-2021-1660, CVE-2021-1664, CVE-2021-1665, CVE-2021-1666, CVE-2021-1667, CVE-2021-1671, CVE-2021-1673, CVE-2021-1700, CVE-2021-1701)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
(CVE-2021-1649, CVE-2021-1652, CVE-2021-1653, CVE-2021-1654, CVE-2021-1655, CVE-2021-1659, CVE-2021-1661, CVE-2021-1688, CVE-2021-1693, CVE-2021-1694, CVE-2021-1695, CVE-2021-1702, CVE-2021-1704, CVE-2021-1706, CVE-2021-1709)

- A denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this issue to cause the affected component to deny system or application services. (CVE-2021-1679)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB4598287 or Cumulative Update KB4598288.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?71567e2d

http://www.nessus.org/u?9cddaa00

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 144878

File Name: smb_nt_ms21_jan_4598287.nasl

Version: 1.7

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 1/12/2021

Updated: 5/11/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2021-1706

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9

Temporal Score: 6.7

Vector: AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 8.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 1/12/2021

Vulnerability Publication Date: 1/12/2021

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-1649, CVE-2021-1652, CVE-2021-1653, CVE-2021-1654, CVE-2021-1655, CVE-2021-1657, CVE-2021-1658, CVE-2021-1659, CVE-2021-1660, CVE-2021-1661, CVE-2021-1664, CVE-2021-1665, CVE-2021-1666, CVE-2021-1667, CVE-2021-1671, CVE-2021-1673, CVE-2021-1676, CVE-2021-1678, CVE-2021-1679, CVE-2021-1688, CVE-2021-1693, CVE-2021-1694, CVE-2021-1695, CVE-2021-1696, CVE-2021-1699, CVE-2021-1700, CVE-2021-1701, CVE-2021-1702, CVE-2021-1704, CVE-2021-1706, CVE-2021-1708, CVE-2021-1709

MSKB: 4598287, 4598288

MSFT: MS21-4598287, MS21-4598288

IAVA: 2021-A-0023-S