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VPR Score: 8.4
SynopsisThe remote Amazon Linux AMI host is missing a security update.
DescriptionWhen the default servlet in Apache Tomcat returned a redirect to a directory (e.g. redirecting to '/foo/' when the user requested '/foo') a specially crafted URL could be used to cause the redirect to be generated to any URI of the attackers choice. (CVE-2018-11784)
When running on Windows with enableCmdLineArguments enabled, the CGI Servlet in Apache Tomcat is vulnerable to Remote Code Execution due to a bug in the way the JRE passes command line arguments to Windows. The CGI Servlet is disabled by default. The CGI option enableCmdLineArguments is disable by default in Tomcat 9.0.x (and will be disabled by default in all versions in response to this vulnerability). For a detailed explanation of the JRE behaviour, see Markus Wulftange's blog (https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2016/02/java-and-command-line-injec tions-in-windows.html) and this archived MSDN blog (https://web.archive.org/web/20161228144344/https://blogs.msdn.microso ft.com/twistylittlepassagesallalike/2011/04/23/everyone-quotes-command
The HTTP/2 implementation in Apache Tomcat accepted streams with excessive numbers of SETTINGS frames and also permitted clients to keep streams open without reading/writing request/response data. By keeping streams open for requests that utilised the Servlet API's blocking I/O, clients were able to cause server-side threads to block eventually leading to thread exhaustion and a DoS. (CVE-2019-0199)
SolutionRun 'yum update tomcat8' to update your system.