EulerOS Virtualization 3.0.1.0 : glibc (EulerOS-SA-2019-1551)

Critical Nessus Plugin ID 125004

Synopsis

The remote EulerOS Virtualization host is missing multiple security updates.

Description

According to the versions of the glibc packages installed, the EulerOS Virtualization installation on the remote host is affected by the following vulnerabilities :

- stdlib/canonicalize.c in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) 2.27 and earlier, when processing very long pathname arguments to the realpath function, could encounter an integer overflow on 32-bit architectures, leading to a stack-based buffer overflow and, potentially, arbitrary code execution.(CVE-2018-11236)

- An integer overflow vulnerability was found in hcreate() and hcreate_r() functions which could result in an out-of-bounds memory access. This could lead to application crash or, potentially, arbitrary code execution.(CVE-2015-8778)

- A stack-based buffer overflow was found in the way the libresolv library performed dual A/AAAA DNS queries. A remote attacker could create a specially crafted DNS response which could cause libresolv to crash or, potentially, execute code with the permissions of the user running the library. Note: this issue is only exposed when libresolv is called from the nss_dns NSS service module.(CVE-2015-7547)

- A flaw was found in the regular expression matching routines that process multibyte character input. If an application utilized the glibc regular expression matching mechanism, an attacker could provide specially-crafted input that, when processed, would cause the application to crash.(CVE-2013-0242)

- A flaw was found in the way memory was being allocated on the stack for user space binaries. If heap (or different memory region) and stack memory regions were adjacent to each other, an attacker could use this flaw to jump over the stack guard gap, cause controlled memory corruption on process stack or the adjacent memory region, and thus increase their privileges on the system. This is glibc-side mitigation which blocks processing of LD_LIBRARY_PATH for programs running in secure-execution mode and reduces the number of allocations performed by the processing of LD_AUDIT, LD_PRELOAD, and LD_HWCAP_MASK, making successful exploitation of this issue more difficult.(CVE-2017-1000366)

- The DNS stub resolver in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) before version 2.26, when EDNS support is enabled, will solicit large UDP responses from name servers, potentially simplifying off-path DNS spoofing attacks due to IP fragmentation.(CVE-2017-12132)

- It was found that the files back end of Name Service Switch (NSS) did not isolate iteration over an entire database from key-based look-up API calls. An application performing look-ups on a database while iterating over it could enter an infinite loop, leading to a denial of service.(CVE-2014-8121)

- Stack-based buffer overflow in the getaddrinfo function in sysdeps/posix/getaddrinfo.c in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via vectors involving hostent conversion. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2013-4458.(CVE-2016-3706)

- In glibc 2.26 and earlier there is confusion in the usage of getcwd() by realpath() which can be used to write before the destination buffer leading to a buffer underflow and potential code execution.(CVE-2018-1000001)

- Stack-based buffer overflow in string/strcoll_l.c in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) 2.17 and earlier allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) or possibly execute arbitrary code via a long string that triggers a malloc failure and use of the alloca function.(CVE-2012-4424)

- It was found that the dynamic loader did not sanitize the LD_POINTER_GUARD environment variable. An attacker could use this flaw to bypass the pointer guarding protection on set-user-ID or set-group-ID programs to execute arbitrary code with the permissions of the user running the application.(CVE-2015-8777)

- The glob function in glob.c in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) before 2.27 contains a buffer overflow during unescaping of user names with the ~ operator.(CVE-2017-15804)

- res_query in libresolv in glibc before 2.25 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference and process crash).(CVE-2015-5180)

- pt_chown in GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) before 2.18 does not properly check permissions for tty files, which allows local users to change the permission on the files and obtain access to arbitrary pseudo-terminals by leveraging a FUSE file system.(CVE-2013-2207)

- A stack overflow flaw was found in glibc's swscanf() function. An attacker able to make an application call the swscanf() function could use this flaw to crash that application or, potentially, execute arbitrary code with the permissions of the user running the application.(CVE-2015-1473)

- It was found that getaddrinfo() did not limit the amount of stack memory used during name resolution. An attacker able to make an application resolve an attacker-controlled hostname or IP address could possibly cause the application to exhaust all stack memory and crash.(CVE-2013-4458)

- A heap-based buffer overflow was found in glibc's
__nss_hostname_digits_dots() function, which is used by the gethostbyname() and gethostbyname2() glibc function calls. A remote attacker able to make an application call either of these functions could use this flaw to execute arbitrary code with the permissions of the user running the application.(CVE-2015-0235)

- Multiple integer overflow flaws, leading to heap-based buffer overflows, were found in glibc's memory allocator functions (pvalloc, valloc, and memalign). If an application used such a function, it could cause the application to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user running the application.(CVE-2013-4332)

- An integer overflow in the implementation of the posix_memalign in memalign functions in the GNU C Library (aka glibc or libc6) 2.26 and earlier could cause these functions to return a pointer to a heap area that is too small, potentially leading to heap corruption.(CVE-2018-6485)

- A stack based buffer overflow vulnerability was found in the catopen() function. An excessively long string passed to the function could cause it to crash or, potentially, execute arbitrary code.(CVE-2015-8779)

Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the EulerOS security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.

Solution

Update the affected glibc packages.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?df72764c

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 125004

File Name: EulerOS_SA-2019-1551.nasl

Version: 1.3

Type: local

Published: 2019/05/14

Updated: 2019/05/31

Dependencies: 12634

Risk Information

Risk Factor: Critical

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 8.7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:ND

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8.1

Temporal Score: 7.7

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:huawei:euleros:glibc, p-cpe:/a:huawei:euleros:glibc-common, p-cpe:/a:huawei:euleros:glibc-devel, p-cpe:/a:huawei:euleros:glibc-headers, p-cpe:/a:huawei:euleros:nscd, cpe:/o:huawei:euleros:uvp:3.0.1.0

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/cpu, Host/EulerOS/release, Host/EulerOS/rpm-list, Host/EulerOS/uvp_version

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2019/05/09

Exploitable With

Core Impact

Metasploit (glibc "realpath()" Privilege Escalation)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2012-4424, CVE-2013-0242, CVE-2013-2207, CVE-2013-4332, CVE-2013-4458, CVE-2014-8121, CVE-2015-0235, CVE-2015-1473, CVE-2015-5180, CVE-2015-7547, CVE-2015-8777, CVE-2015-8778, CVE-2015-8779, CVE-2016-3706, CVE-2017-1000366, CVE-2017-12132, CVE-2017-15804, CVE-2018-1000001, CVE-2018-11236, CVE-2018-6485

BID: 55543, 57638, 61960, 62324, 63299, 72325, 72499, 73038