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VPR Score: 7.4
SynopsisThe remote EulerOS Virtualization host is missing multiple security updates.
DescriptionAccording to the versions of the python packages installed, the EulerOS Virtualization installation on the remote host is affected by the following vulnerabilities :
- It was found that Python's smtplib library did not return an exception when StartTLS failed to be established in the SMTP.starttls() function. A man in the middle attacker could strip out the STARTTLS command without generating an exception on the Python SMTP client application, preventing the establishment of the TLS layer.(CVE-2016-0772)
- A vulnerability was discovered in Python, in the built-in zipimporter. A specially crafted zip file placed in a module path such that it would be loaded by a later 'import' statement could cause a heap overflow, leading to arbitrary code execution.(CVE-2016-5636)
- A flaw was found in the way the DES/3DES cipher was used as part of the TLS/SSL protocol. A man-in-the-middle attacker could use this flaw to recover some plaintext data by capturing large amounts of encrypted traffic between TLS/SSL server and client if the communication used a DES/3DES based ciphersuite.(CVE-2016-2183)
- The Python standard library HTTP client modules (such as httplib or urllib) did not perform verification of TLS/SSL certificates when connecting to HTTPS servers.
A man-in-the-middle attacker could use this flaw to hijack connections and eavesdrop or modify transferred data.(CVE-2014-9365)
- An integer overflow flaw was found in the way the buffer() function handled its offset and size arguments. An attacker able to control those arguments could use this flaw to disclose portions of the application memory or cause it to crash.(CVE-2014-7185)
- A flaw was found in the way catastrophic backtracking was implemented in python's pop3lib's apop() method. An attacker could use this flaw to cause denial of service.(CVE-2018-1060)
- The ssl.match_hostname function in the SSL module in Python 2.6 through 3.4 does not properly handle a '\\0' character in a domain name in the Subject Alternative Name field of an X.509 certificate, which allows man-in-the-middle attackers to spoof arbitrary SSL servers via a crafted certificate issued by a legitimate Certification Authority, a related issue to CVE-2009-2408.(CVE-2013-4238)
- It was found that the Python's httplib library (used by urllib, urllib2 and others) did not properly check HTTPConnection.putheader() function arguments. An attacker could use this flaw to inject additional headers in a Python application that allowed user provided header names or values.(CVE-2016-5699)
- CPython (aka Python) up to 2.7.13 is vulnerable to an integer overflow in the PyString_DecodeEscape function in stringobject.c, resulting in heap-based buffer overflow (and possible arbitrary code execution)(CVE-2017-1000158)
- A flaw was found in the way catastrophic backtracking was implemented in python's difflib.IS_LINE_JUNK method. An attacker could use this flaw to cause denial of service.(CVE-2018-1061)
- It was discovered that multiple Python standard library modules implementing network protocols (such as httplib or smtplib) failed to restrict sizes of server responses. A malicious server could cause a client using one of the affected modules to consume an excessive amount of memory.(CVE-2013-1752)
- A flaw was found in the way the json module handled negative index argument passed to certain functions (such as raw_decode()). An attacker able to control index value passed to one of the affected functions could possibly use this flaw to disclose portions of the application memory.(CVE-2014-4616)
- urllib in Python 2.x through 2.7.16 supports the local_file: scheme, which makes it easier for remote attackers to bypass protection mechanisms that blacklist file: URIs, as demonstrated by triggering a urllib.urlopen('local_file:///etc/passwd') call.(CVE-2019-9948)
- Python's elementtree C accelerator failed to initialise Expat's hash salt during initialization. This could make it easy to conduct denial of service attacks against Expat by contructing an XML document that would cause pathological hash collisions in Expat's internal data structures, consuming large amounts CPU and RAM.(CVE-2018-14647)
- A null pointer dereference vulnerability was found in the certificate parsing code in Python. This causes a denial of service to applications when parsing specially crafted certificates. This vulnerability is unlikely to be triggered if application enables SSL/TLS certificate validation and accepts certificates only from trusted root certificate authorities.(CVE-2019-5010)
- Python 2.7.x through 2.7.16 and 3.x through 3.7.2 is affected by: Improper Handling of Unicode Encoding (with an incorrect netloc) during NFKC normalization.
The impact is: Information disclosure (credentials, cookies, etc. that are cached against a given hostname). The components are: urllib.parse.urlsplit, urllib.parse.urlparse. The attack vector is: A specially crafted URL could be incorrectly parsed to locate cookies or authentication data and send that information to a different host than when parsed correctly.(CVE-2019-9636)
Note that Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the EulerOS security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.
SolutionUpdate the affected python packages.