KB4480973: Windows 10 Version 1703 January 2019 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 121018

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VPR Score: 9.8

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4480973. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-0536, CVE-2019-0549, CVE-2019-0554)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-0539, CVE-2019-0567)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Subsystem for Linux improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. A attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Subsystem for Linux handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0553)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in .NET Framework and .NET Core which allows bypassing Cross- origin Resource Sharing (CORS) configurations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could retrieve content, that is normally restricted, from a web application. The security update addresses the vulnerability by enforcing CORS configuration to prevent its bypass. (CVE-2019-0545)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0538, CVE-2019-0575, CVE-2019-0576, CVE-2019-0577, CVE-2019-0578, CVE-2019-0579, CVE-2019-0580, CVE-2019-0581, CVE-2019-0582, CVE-2019-0583, CVE-2019-0584)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Microsoft XmlDocument class that could allow an attacker to escape from the AppContainer sandbox in the browser.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges and break out of the Edge AppContainer sandbox. The vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to run. However, this vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (for example a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege vulnerability) to take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Microsoft XmlDocument class enforces sandboxing.
(CVE-2019-0555)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles authentication requests. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way Windows handles authentication requests. (CVE-2019-0543)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Runtime improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Runtime handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2019-0570)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the MSHTML engine inproperly validates input. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2019-0541)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0551)

- An elevation of privilege exists in Windows COM Desktop Broker. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2019-0552)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge Browser Broker COM object. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the Browser Broker COM object to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability (such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability) that is capable of leveraging the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted. (CVE-2019-0566)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows kernel handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0569)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Data Sharing Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Data Sharing Service handles file operations. (CVE-2019-0571, CVE-2019-0572, CVE-2019-0573, CVE-2019-0574)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4480973.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?a8bd0dec

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 121018

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_jan_4480973.nasl

Version: 1.9

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2019/01/08

Updated: 2020/08/18

Dependencies: 57033, 13855, 93962

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

VPR Score: 9.8

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0538

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 7.8

Temporal Score: 7.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows, cpe:/a:microsoft:edge

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2019/01/08

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2019/01/08

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2019-0536, CVE-2019-0538, CVE-2019-0539, CVE-2019-0541, CVE-2019-0543, CVE-2019-0545, CVE-2019-0549, CVE-2019-0551, CVE-2019-0552, CVE-2019-0553, CVE-2019-0554, CVE-2019-0555, CVE-2019-0566, CVE-2019-0567, CVE-2019-0569, CVE-2019-0570, CVE-2019-0571, CVE-2019-0572, CVE-2019-0573, CVE-2019-0574, CVE-2019-0575, CVE-2019-0576, CVE-2019-0577, CVE-2019-0578, CVE-2019-0579, CVE-2019-0580, CVE-2019-0581, CVE-2019-0582, CVE-2019-0583, CVE-2019-0584

MSKB: 4480973

MSFT: MS19-4480973