KB4457142: Windows 10 Version 1709 September 2018 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 117417

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4457142.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8457)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8424)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows that allows a sandbox escape. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use the sandbox escape to elevate privileges on an affected system. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code execution. However, the vulnerability could allow arbitrary code to run if an attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability, such as a remote code execution vulnerability or another elevation of privilege vulnerability, that can leverage the elevated privileges when code execution is attempted.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows parses files. (CVE-2018-8468)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows does not properly handle specially crafted image files. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code.
(CVE-2018-8475)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Advanced Local Procedure Call (ALPC). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-8440)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Edge that could allow an attacker to escape from the AppContainer sandbox in the browser. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges and break out of the Edge AppContainer sandbox. The vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to run. However, this vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (for example a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege vulnerability) to take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how Microsoft Edge handles sandboxing. (CVE-2018-8469)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows kernel handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8442, CVE-2018-8443)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-8439)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Kernel API improperly handles registry objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a targeted system. A locally authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The security update addresses the vulnerability by helping to ensure that the Windows Kernel API properly handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2018-8410)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8462)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8446)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2018-8420)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2018-8438)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8456)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2018-8434)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8332)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the browser scripting engine improperly handle object types.
An attacker who has successfully exploited this vulnerability might be able to read privileged data across trust boundaries. In browsing scenarios, an attacker could convince a user to visit a malicious site and leverage the vulnerability to obtain privileged information from the browser process, such as sensitive data from other opened tabs. An attacker could also inject malicious code into advertising networks used by trusted sites or embed malicious code on a compromised, but trusted, site. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the browser scripting engine handles object types. (CVE-2018-8315)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Windows Subsystem for Linux improperly handles case sensitivity. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could replace or delete arbitrary files as a low privilege user. A attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Subsystem for Linux handles case sensitivity. (CVE-2018-8337)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8447, CVE-2018-8461)

- A buffer overflow vulnerability exists in the Microsoft JET Database Engine that could allow remote code execution on an affected system. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2018-8392, CVE-2018-8393)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the Microsoft Server Block Message (SMB) when an attacker sends specially crafted requests to the server. An attacker who exploited this vulnerability could cause the affected system to crash. To attempt to exploit this issue, an attacker would need to send specially crafted SMB requests to the target system. Note that the denial of service vulnerability would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate their user rights, but it could cause the affected system to stop accepting requests. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the manner in which SMB handles specially crafted client requests.
(CVE-2018-8335)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2018-8455)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows bowser.sys kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could potentially disclose contents of System memory.
(CVE-2018-8271)

- An remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge PDF Reader improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8464)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes input. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8421)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8367, CVE-2018-8465, CVE-2018-8466, CVE-2018-8467)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the scripting engine does not properly handle objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system.
(CVE-2018-8452)

- A security feature bypass exists when Device Guard incorrectly validates an untrusted file. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could make an unsigned file appear to be signed. Because Device Guard relies on the signature to determine the file is non- malicious, Device Guard could then allow a malicious file to execute. In an attack scenario, an attacker could make an untrusted file appear to be a trusted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Device Guard handles untrusted files.
(CVE-2018-8449)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows Graphics Component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8433)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V BIOS loader fails to provide a high- entropy source. (CVE-2018-8435)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8354)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer due to how scripts are handled that allows a universal cross-site scripting (UXSS) condition. An attacker could use the UXSS vulnerability to access any session belonging to web pages currently opened (or cached) by the browser at the time the attack is triggered. (CVE-2018-8470)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2018-8425)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4457142.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?13887e06

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 117417

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_sep_4457142.nasl

Version: 1.5

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/09/11

Modified: 2018/09/17

Dependencies: 93962, 13855, 57033

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS Score Source: manual

CVSS Score Rationale: Score based on analysis of the vendor advisory.

CVSSv2

Base Score: 9

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSSv3

Base Score: 8.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2018/09/11

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/09/11

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-8271, CVE-2018-8315, CVE-2018-8332, CVE-2018-8335, CVE-2018-8337, CVE-2018-8354, CVE-2018-8367, CVE-2018-8392, CVE-2018-8393, CVE-2018-8410, CVE-2018-8420, CVE-2018-8421, CVE-2018-8424, CVE-2018-8425, CVE-2018-8433, CVE-2018-8434, CVE-2018-8435, CVE-2018-8438, CVE-2018-8439, CVE-2018-8440, CVE-2018-8442, CVE-2018-8443, CVE-2018-8446, CVE-2018-8447, CVE-2018-8449, CVE-2018-8452, CVE-2018-8455, CVE-2018-8456, CVE-2018-8457, CVE-2018-8461, CVE-2018-8462, CVE-2018-8464, CVE-2018-8465, CVE-2018-8466, CVE-2018-8467, CVE-2018-8468, CVE-2018-8469, CVE-2018-8470, CVE-2018-8475

MSKB: 4457142

MSFT: MS18-4457142

IAVA: 2018-A-0289, 2018-A-0290, 2018-A-0298