Debian DSA-4187-1 : linux - security update (Spectre)

Critical Nessus Plugin ID 109517

Synopsis

The remote Debian host is missing a security-related update.

Description

Several vulnerabilities have been discovered in the Linux kernel that may lead to a privilege escalation, denial of service or information leaks.

- CVE-2015-9016 Ming Lei reported a race condition in the multiqueue block layer (blk-mq). On a system with a driver using blk-mq (mtip32xx, null_blk, or virtio_blk), a local user might be able to use this for denial of service or possibly for privilege escalation.

- CVE-2017-0861 Robb Glasser reported a potential use-after-free in the ALSA (sound) PCM core. We believe this was not possible in practice.

- CVE-2017-5715 Multiple researchers have discovered a vulnerability in various processors supporting speculative execution, enabling an attacker controlling an unprivileged process to read memory from arbitrary addresses, including from the kernel and all other processes running on the system.

This specific attack has been named Spectre variant 2 (branch target injection) and is mitigated for the x86 architecture (amd64 and i386) by using the 'retpoline' compiler feature which allows indirect branches to be isolated from speculative execution.

- CVE-2017-5753 Multiple researchers have discovered a vulnerability in various processors supporting speculative execution, enabling an attacker controlling an unprivileged process to read memory from arbitrary addresses, including from the kernel and all other processes running on the system.

This specific attack has been named Spectre variant 1 (bounds-check bypass) and is mitigated by identifying vulnerable code sections (array bounds checking followed by array access) and replacing the array access with the speculation-safe array_index_nospec() function.

More use sites will be added over time.

- CVE-2017-13166 A bug in the 32-bit compatibility layer of the v4l2 ioctl handling code has been found. Memory protections ensuring user-provided buffers always point to userland memory were disabled, allowing destination addresses to be in kernel space. On a 64-bit kernel a local user with access to a suitable video device can exploit this to overwrite kernel memory, leading to privilege escalation.

- CVE-2017-13220 Al Viro reported that the Bluetooth HIDP implementation could dereference a pointer before performing the necessary type check. A local user could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2017-16526 Andrey Konovalov reported that the UWB subsystem may dereference an invalid pointer in an error case. A local user might be able to use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-16911 Secunia Research reported that the USB/IP vhci_hcd driver exposed kernel heap addresses to local users.
This information could aid the exploitation of other vulnerabilities.

- CVE-2017-16912 Secunia Research reported that the USB/IP stub driver failed to perform a range check on a received packet header field, leading to an out-of-bounds read. A remote user able to connect to the USB/IP server could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-16913 Secunia Research reported that the USB/IP stub driver failed to perform a range check on a received packet header field, leading to excessive memory allocation. A remote user able to connect to the USB/IP server could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-16914 Secunia Research reported that the USB/IP stub driver failed to check for an invalid combination of fields in a received packet, leading to a NULL pointer dereference. A remote user able to connect to the USB/IP server could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-18017 Denys Fedoryshchenko reported that the netfilter xt_TCPMSS module failed to validate TCP header lengths, potentially leading to a use-after-free. If this module is loaded, it could be used by a remote attacker for denial of service or possibly for code execution.

- CVE-2017-18203 Hou Tao reported that there was a race condition in creation and deletion of device-mapper (DM) devices. A local user could potentially use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-18216 Alex Chen reported that the OCFS2 filesystem failed to hold a necessary lock during nodemanager sysfs file operations, potentially leading to a NULL pointer dereference. A local user could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2017-18232 Jason Yan reported a race condition in the SAS (Serial-Attached SCSI) subsystem, between probing and destroying a port. This could lead to a deadlock. A physically present attacker could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2017-18241 Yunlei He reported that the f2fs implementation does not properly initialise its state if the 'noflush_merge' mount option is used. A local user with access to a filesystem mounted with this option could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2018-1066 Dan Aloni reported to Red Hat that the CIFS client implementation would dereference a NULL pointer if the server sent an invalid response during NTLMSSP setup negotiation. This could be used by a malicious server for denial of service.

- CVE-2018-1068 The syzkaller tool found that the 32-bit compatibility layer of ebtables did not sufficiently validate offset values. On a 64-bit kernel, a local user with the CAP_NET_ADMIN capability (in any user namespace) could use this to overwrite kernel memory, possibly leading to privilege escalation. Debian disables unprivileged user namespaces by default.

- CVE-2018-1092 Wen Xu reported that a crafted ext4 filesystem image would trigger a null dereference when mounted. A local user able to mount arbitrary filesystems could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2018-5332 Mohamed Ghannam reported that the RDS protocol did not sufficiently validate RDMA requests, leading to an out-of-bounds write. A local attacker on a system with the rds module loaded could use this for denial of service or possibly for privilege escalation.

- CVE-2018-5333 Mohamed Ghannam reported that the RDS protocol did not properly handle an error case, leading to a NULL pointer dereference. A local attacker on a system with the rds module loaded could possibly use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2018-5750 Wang Qize reported that the ACPI sbshc driver logged a kernel heap address. This information could aid the exploitation of other vulnerabilities.

- CVE-2018-5803 Alexey Kodanev reported that the SCTP protocol did not range-check the length of chunks to be created. A local or remote user could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2018-6927 Li Jinyue reported that the FUTEX_REQUEUE operation on futexes did not check for negative parameter values, which might lead to a denial of service or other security impact.

- CVE-2018-7492 The syzkaller tool found that the RDS protocol was lacking a null pointer check. A local attacker on a system with the rds module loaded could use this for denial of service.

- CVE-2018-7566 Fan LongFei reported a race condition in the ALSA (sound) sequencer core, between write and ioctl operations. This could lead to an out-of-bounds access or use-after-free. A local user with access to a sequencer device could use this for denial of service or possibly for privilege escalation.

- CVE-2018-7740 Nic Losby reported that the hugetlbfs filesystem's mmap operation did not properly range-check the file offset.
A local user with access to files on a hugetlbfs filesystem could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2018-7757 Jason Yan reported a memory leak in the SAS (Serial-Attached SCSI) subsystem. A local user on a system with SAS devices could use this to cause a denial of service.

- CVE-2018-7995 Seunghun Han reported a race condition in the x86 MCE (Machine Check Exception) driver. This is unlikely to have any security impact.

- CVE-2018-8781 Eyal Itkin reported that the udl (DisplayLink) driver's mmap operation did not properly range-check the file offset. A local user with access to a udl framebuffer device could exploit this to overwrite kernel memory, leading to privilege escalation.

- CVE-2018-8822 Dr Silvio Cesare of InfoSect reported that the ncpfs client implementation did not validate reply lengths from the server. An ncpfs server could use this to cause a denial of service or remote code execution in the client.

- CVE-2018-1000004 Luo Quan reported a race condition in the ALSA (sound) sequencer core, between multiple ioctl operations. This could lead to a deadlock or use-after-free. A local user with access to a sequencer device could use this for denial of service or possibly for privilege escalation.

- CVE-2018-1000199 Andy Lutomirski discovered that the ptrace subsystem did not sufficiently validate hardware breakpoint settings.
Local users can use this to cause a denial of service, or possibly for privilege escalation, on x86 (amd64 and i386) and possibly other architectures.

Solution

Upgrade the linux packages.

For the oldstable distribution (jessie), these problems have been fixed in version 3.16.56-1.

See Also

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2015-9016

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-0861

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-5715

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-5753

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-13166

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-13220

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-16526

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-16911

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-16912

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-16913

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-16914

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-18017

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-18203

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-18216

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-18232

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2017-18241

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-1066

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-1068

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-1092

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-5332

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-5333

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-5750

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-5803

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-6927

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-7492

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-7566

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-7740

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-7757

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-7995

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-8781

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-8822

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-1000004

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2018-1000199

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/source-package/linux

https://packages.debian.org/source/jessie/linux

https://www.debian.org/security/2018/dsa-4187

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 109517

File Name: debian_DSA-4187.nasl

Version: 1.8

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 2018/05/02

Updated: 2019/07/15

Dependencies: 12634

Risk Information

Risk Factor: Critical

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 8.7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 9.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:linux, cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:8.0

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/Debian/release, Host/Debian/dpkg-l

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2018/05/01

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2017/11/04

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2015-9016, CVE-2017-0861, CVE-2017-13166, CVE-2017-13220, CVE-2017-16526, CVE-2017-16911, CVE-2017-16912, CVE-2017-16913, CVE-2017-16914, CVE-2017-18017, CVE-2017-18203, CVE-2017-18216, CVE-2017-18232, CVE-2017-18241, CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753, CVE-2018-1000004, CVE-2018-1000199, CVE-2018-1066, CVE-2018-1068, CVE-2018-1092, CVE-2018-5332, CVE-2018-5333, CVE-2018-5750, CVE-2018-5803, CVE-2018-6927, CVE-2018-7492, CVE-2018-7566, CVE-2018-7740, CVE-2018-7757, CVE-2018-7995, CVE-2018-8781, CVE-2018-8822

DSA: 4187

IAVA: 2018-A-0020