DNS Server Recursive Query Cache Poisoning Weakness

medium Nessus Plugin ID 10539
New! Plugin Severity Now Using CVSS v3

The calculated severity for Plugins has been updated to use CVSS v3 by default. Plugins that do not have a CVSS v3 score will fall back to CVSS v2 for calculating severity. Severity display preferences can be toggled in the settings dropdown.


The remote name server allows recursive queries to be performed by the host running nessusd.


It is possible to query the remote name server for third-party names.

If this is your internal nameserver, then the attack vector may be limited to employees or guest access if allowed.

If you are probing a remote nameserver, then it allows anyone to use it to resolve third party names (such as www.nessus.org).
This allows attackers to perform cache poisoning attacks against this nameserver.

If the host allows these recursive queries via UDP, then the host can be used to 'bounce' Denial of Service attacks against another network or system.


Restrict recursive queries to the hosts that should use this nameserver (such as those of the LAN connected to it).

If you are using bind 8, you can do this by using the instruction 'allow-recursion' in the 'options' section of your named.conf.

If you are using bind 9, you can define a grouping of internal addresses using the 'acl' command.

Then, within the options block, you can explicitly state:
'allow-recursion { hosts_defined_in_acl }'

If you are using another name server, consult its documentation.

See Also


Plugin Details

Severity: Medium

ID: 10539

File Name: bind_query.nasl

Version: 1.48

Type: remote

Family: DNS

Published: 10/27/2000

Updated: 6/27/2018

Dependencies: smtp_settings.nasl, dns_server.nasl

Risk Information


Risk Factor: Low

Score: 3.4


Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 5

Temporal Score: 3.7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:2.3:a:isc:bind:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Vulnerability Publication Date: 8/1/1997

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-1999-0024

BID: 136, 678

CERT-CC: CA-1997-22