Debian DLA-192-1 : ntp security update

Medium Nessus Plugin ID 82715

Synopsis

The remote Debian host is missing a security update.

Description

Brief introduction

CVE-2015-1798

When ntpd is configured to use a symmetric key to authenticate a remote NTP server/peer, it checks if the NTP message authentication code (MAC) in received packets is valid, but not if there actually is any MAC included. Packets without a MAC are accepted as if they had a valid MAC. This allows a MITM attacker to send false packets that are accepted by the client/peer without having to know the symmetric key.
The attacker needs to know the transmit timestamp of the client to match it in the forged reply and the false reply needs to reach the client before the genuine reply from the server. The attacker doesn't necessarily need to be relaying the packets between the client and the server. Authentication using autokey doesn't have this problem as there is a check that requires the key ID to be larger than NTP_MAXKEY, which fails for packets without a MAC.

CVE-2015-1799

An attacker knowing that NTP hosts A and B are peering with each other (symmetric association) can send a packet to host A with source address of B which will set the NTP state variables on A to the values sent by the attacker. Host A will then send on its next poll to B a packet with originate timestamp that doesn't match the transmit timestamp of B and the packet will be dropped. If the attacker does this periodically for both hosts, they won't be able to synchronize to each other. This is a known denial of service attack, described at https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/onwire.html . According to the document the NTP authentication is supposed to protect symmetric associations against this attack, but that doesn't seem to be the case. The state variables are updated even when authentication fails and the peers are sending packets with originate timestamps that don't match the transmit timestamps on the receiving side.

ntp-keygen on big endian hosts

Using ntp-keygen to generate an MD5 key on big endian hosts resulted in either an infite loop or an key of only 93 possible keys.

NOTE: Tenable Network Security has extracted the preceding description block directly from the DLA security advisory. Tenable has attempted to automatically clean and format it as much as possible without introducing additional issues.

Solution

Upgrade the affected ntp, ntp-doc, and ntpdate packages.

See Also

https://lists.debian.org/debian-lts-announce/2015/04/msg00006.html

https://packages.debian.org/source/squeeze-lts/ntp

https://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/onwire.html

Plugin Details

Severity: Medium

ID: 82715

File Name: debian_DLA-192.nasl

Version: 1.6

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 2015/04/13

Updated: 2020/03/12

Dependencies: 12634

Risk Information

Risk Factor: Medium

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 4.3

Temporal Score: 3.2

Vector: CVSS2#AV:A/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:P

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:ntp, p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:ntp-doc, p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:ntpdate, cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:6.0

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/Debian/release, Host/Debian/dpkg-l

Exploit Available: false

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2015/04/10

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2015-1798, CVE-2015-1799

BID: 73950, 73951