Oracle Linux 9 : postgresql:15 (ELSA-2023-7785)

high Nessus Plugin ID 186961

Synopsis

The remote Oracle Linux host is missing one or more security updates.

Description

The remote Oracle Linux 9 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ELSA-2023-7785 advisory.

- A flaw was found in PostgreSQL involving the pg_cancel_backend role that signals background workers, including the logical replication launcher, autovacuum workers, and the autovacuum launcher. Successful exploitation requires a non-core extension with a less-resilient background worker and would affect that specific background worker only. This issue may allow a remote high privileged user to launch a denial of service (DoS) attack. (CVE-2023-5870)

- A memory disclosure vulnerability was found in PostgreSQL that allows remote users to access sensitive information by exploiting certain aggregate function calls with 'unknown'-type arguments. Handling 'unknown'-type values from string literals without type designation can disclose bytes, potentially revealing notable and confidential information. This issue exists due to excessive data output in aggregate function calls, enabling remote users to read some portion of system memory. (CVE-2023-5868)

- A flaw was found in PostgreSQL that allows authenticated database users to execute arbitrary code through missing overflow checks during SQL array value modification. This issue exists due to an integer overflow during array modification where a remote user can trigger the overflow by providing specially crafted data. This enables the execution of arbitrary code on the target system, allowing users to write arbitrary bytes to memory and extensively read the server's memory. (CVE-2023-5869)

- IN THE EXTENSION SCRIPT, a SQL Injection vulnerability was found in PostgreSQL if it uses @extowner@, @extschema@, or @extschema:...@ inside a quoting construct (dollar quoting, '', or ). If an administrator has installed files of a vulnerable, trusted, non-bundled extension, an attacker with database-level CREATE privilege can execute arbitrary code as the bootstrap superuser. (CVE-2023-39417)

- A vulnerability was found in PostgreSQL with the use of the MERGE command, which fails to test new rows against row security policies defined for UPDATE and SELECT. If UPDATE and SELECT policies forbid some rows that INSERT policies do not forbid, a user could store such rows. (CVE-2023-39418)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Update the affected packages.

See Also

https://linux.oracle.com/errata/ELSA-2023-7785.html

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 186961

File Name: oraclelinux_ELSA-2023-7785.nasl

Version: 1.1

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 12/15/2023

Updated: 2/16/2024

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Nessus Agent, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 7.4

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9

Temporal Score: 6.7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2023-5869

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.8

Temporal Score: 7.7

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-upgrade, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-upgrade-devel, cpe:/a:oracle:linux:9:2:appstream_patch, cpe:/a:oracle:linux:9:3:appstream_base, cpe:/a:oracle:linux:9::appstream, cpe:/o:oracle:linux:9, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:pg_repack, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:pgaudit, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgres-decoderbufs, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-contrib, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-docs, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-plperl, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-plpython3, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-pltcl, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-private-devel, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-private-libs, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-server, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-server-devel, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-static, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-test, p-cpe:/a:oracle:linux:postgresql-test-rpm-macros

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/RedHat/release, Host/RedHat/rpm-list, Host/OracleLinux

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 12/13/2023

Vulnerability Publication Date: 8/10/2023

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2023-39417, CVE-2023-39418, CVE-2023-5868, CVE-2023-5869, CVE-2023-5870

IAVB: 2023-B-0060-S, 2023-B-0088-S