Fedora 37 : pgadmin4 (2023-e7297a4aeb)

high Nessus Plugin ID 170766

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Synopsis

The remote Fedora host is missing one or more security updates.

Description

The remote Fedora 37 host has a package installed that is affected by a vulnerability as referenced in the FEDORA-2023-e7297a4aeb advisory.

- JSON5 is an extension to the popular JSON file format that aims to be easier to write and maintain by hand (e.g. for config files). The `parse` method of the JSON5 library before and including versions 1.0.1 and 2.2.1 does not restrict parsing of keys named `__proto__`, allowing specially crafted strings to pollute the prototype of the resulting object. This vulnerability pollutes the prototype of the object returned by `JSON5.parse` and not the global Object prototype, which is the commonly understood definition of Prototype Pollution. However, polluting the prototype of a single object can have significant security impact for an application if the object is later used in trusted operations. This vulnerability could allow an attacker to set arbitrary and unexpected keys on the object returned from `JSON5.parse`. The actual impact will depend on how applications utilize the returned object and how they filter unwanted keys, but could include denial of service, cross-site scripting, elevation of privilege, and in extreme cases, remote code execution. `JSON5.parse` should restrict parsing of `__proto__` keys when parsing JSON strings to objects. As a point of reference, the `JSON.parse` method included in JavaScript ignores `__proto__` keys. Simply changing `JSON5.parse` to `JSON.parse` in the examples above mitigates this vulnerability. This vulnerability is patched in json5 versions 1.0.2, 2.2.2, and later. (CVE-2022-46175)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Update the affected pgadmin4 package.

See Also

https://bodhi.fedoraproject.org/updates/FEDORA-2023-e7297a4aeb

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 170766

File Name: fedora_2023-e7297a4aeb.nasl

Version: 1.1

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 1/29/2023

Updated: 9/5/2023

Supported Sensors: Agentless Assessment, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Nessus Agent, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9

Temporal Score: 7

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-46175

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.8

Temporal Score: 7.9

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:fedoraproject:fedora:37, p-cpe:/a:fedoraproject:fedora:pgadmin4

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/RedHat/release, Host/RedHat/rpm-list

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 1/19/2023

Vulnerability Publication Date: 12/24/2022

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2022-46175