SynopsisThe remote Amazon Linux 2022 host is missing a security update.
DescriptionThe version of curl installed on the remote host is prior to 7.86.0-1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS2022-2022-246 advisory.
- When doing HTTP(S) transfers, libcurl might erroneously use the read callback (`CURLOPT_READFUNCTION`) to ask for data to send, even when the `CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS` option has been set, if the same handle previously was used to issue a `PUT` request which used that callback. This flaw may surprise the application and cause it to misbehave and either send off the wrong data or use memory after free or similar in the subsequent `POST` request. The problem exists in the logic for a reused handle when it is changed from a PUT to a POST. (CVE-2022-32221)
- curl can be told to parse a `.netrc` file for credentials. If that file endsin a line with 4095 consecutive non-white space letters and no newline, curlwould first read past the end of the stack-based buffer, and if the readworks, write a zero byte beyond its boundary.This will in most cases cause a segfault or similar, but circumstances might also cause different outcomes.If a malicious user can provide a custom netrc file to an application or otherwise affect its contents, this flaw could be used as denial- of-service. (CVE-2022-35260)
- curl before 7.86.0 has a double free. If curl is told to use an HTTP proxy for a transfer with a non- HTTP(S) URL, it sets up the connection to the remote server by issuing a CONNECT request to the proxy, and then tunnels the rest of the protocol through. An HTTP proxy might refuse this request (HTTP proxies often only allow outgoing connections to specific port numbers, like 443 for HTTPS) and instead return a non-200 status code to the client. Due to flaws in the error/cleanup handling, this could trigger a double free in curl if one of the following schemes were used in the URL for the transfer: dict, gopher, gophers, ldap, ldaps, rtmp, rtmps, or telnet. The earliest affected version is 7.77.0. (CVE-2022-42915)
- In curl before 7.86.0, the HSTS check could be bypassed to trick it into staying with HTTP. Using its HSTS support, curl can be instructed to use HTTPS directly (instead of using an insecure cleartext HTTP step) even when HTTP is provided in the URL. This mechanism could be bypassed if the host name in the given URL uses IDN characters that get replaced with ASCII counterparts as part of the IDN conversion, e.g., using the character UTF-8 U+3002 (IDEOGRAPHIC FULL STOP) instead of the common ASCII full stop of U+002E (.).
The earliest affected version is 7.77.0 2021-05-26. (CVE-2022-42916)
Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.
SolutionRun 'yum update curl' to update your system.
File Name: al2022_ALAS2022-2022-246.nasl
Supported Sensors: Agentless Assessment, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Nessus Agent
Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C
CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl-debugsource, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl-minimal, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl-minimal-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl-devel, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl-minimal, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl-minimal-debuginfo, cpe:/o:amazon:linux:2022
Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list
Exploit Ease: Exploits are available
Patch Publication Date: 12/6/2022
Vulnerability Publication Date: 10/27/2022