Debian DSA-5170-1 : nodejs - security update

high Nessus Plugin ID 162561

Synopsis

The remote Debian host is missing one or more security-related updates.

Description

The remote Debian 11 host has packages installed that are affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the dsa-5170 advisory.

- The parser in accepts requests with a space (SP) right after the header name before the colon. This can lead to HTTP Request Smuggling (HRS) in llhttp < v2.1.4 and < v6.0.6. (CVE-2021-22959)

- The parse function in llhttp < 2.1.4 and < 6.0.6. ignores chunk extensions when parsing the body of chunked requests. This leads to HTTP Request Smuggling (HRS) under certain conditions. (CVE-2021-22960)

- Accepting arbitrary Subject Alternative Name (SAN) types, unless a PKI is specifically defined to use a particular SAN type, can result in bypassing name-constrained intermediates. Node.js < 12.22.9, < 14.18.3, < 16.13.2, and < 17.3.1 was accepting URI SAN types, which PKIs are often not defined to use.
Additionally, when a protocol allows URI SANs, Node.js did not match the URI correctly.Versions of Node.js with the fix for this disable the URI SAN type when checking a certificate against a hostname. This behavior can be reverted through the --security-revert command-line option. (CVE-2021-44531)

- Node.js < 12.22.9, < 14.18.3, < 16.13.2, and < 17.3.1 converts SANs (Subject Alternative Names) to a string format. It uses this string to check peer certificates against hostnames when validating connections. The string format was subject to an injection vulnerability when name constraints were used within a certificate chain, allowing the bypass of these name constraints.Versions of Node.js with the fix for this escape SANs containing the problematic characters in order to prevent the injection. This behavior can be reverted through the --security-revert command-line option. (CVE-2021-44532)

- Node.js < 12.22.9, < 14.18.3, < 16.13.2, and < 17.3.1 did not handle multi-value Relative Distinguished Names correctly. Attackers could craft certificate subjects containing a single-value Relative Distinguished Name that would be interpreted as a multi-value Relative Distinguished Name, for example, in order to inject a Common Name that would allow bypassing the certificate subject verification.Affected versions of Node.js that do not accept multi-value Relative Distinguished Names and are thus not vulnerable to such attacks themselves. However, third-party code that uses node's ambiguous presentation of certificate subjects may be vulnerable. (CVE-2021-44533)

- Due to the formatting logic of the console.table() function it was not safe to allow user controlled input to be passed to the properties parameter while simultaneously passing a plain object with at least one property as the first parameter, which could be __proto__. The prototype pollution has very limited control, in that it only allows an empty string to be assigned to numerical keys of the object prototype.Node.js >= 12.22.9, >= 14.18.3, >= 16.13.2, and >= 17.3.1 use a null protoype for the object these properties are being assigned to. (CVE-2022-21824)

Note that Nessus has not tested for these issues but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Upgrade the nodejs packages.

For the stable distribution (bullseye), these problems have been fixed in version 12.22.12~dfsg-1~deb11u1.

See Also

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/source-package/nodejs

https://www.debian.org/security/2022/dsa-5170

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-22959

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-22960

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-44531

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-44532

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2021-44533

https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2022-21824

https://packages.debian.org/source/bullseye/nodejs

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 162561

File Name: debian_DSA-5170.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 6/28/2022

Updated: 6/28/2022

Supported Sensors: Agentless Assessment, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Nessus Agent

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 6.4

Temporal Score: 4.7

Vector: AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:P

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-21824

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.2

Temporal Score: 7.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:libnode-dev, p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:libnode72, p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:nodejs, p-cpe:/a:debian:debian_linux:nodejs-doc, cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:11.0

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/Debian/release, Host/Debian/dpkg-l

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 6/27/2022

Vulnerability Publication Date: 10/12/2021

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-22959, CVE-2021-22960, CVE-2021-44531, CVE-2021-44532, CVE-2021-44533, CVE-2022-21824