KB5012649: Windows Server 2008 R2 Security Update (April 2022)

critical Nessus Plugin ID 159672

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 5012639 or cumulative update 5012639. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities:

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to gain elevated privileges.
(CVE-2022-24474, CVE-2022-24481, CVE-2022-24494, CVE-2022-24499, CVE-2022-24521, CVE-2022-24527, CVE-2022-24530, CVE-2022-24540, CVE-2022-24542, CVE-2022-24544, CVE-2022-24547, CVE-2022-24550, CVE-2022-26786, CVE-2022-26787, CVE-2022-26788, CVE-2022-26790, CVE-2022-26792, CVE-2022-26794, CVE-2022-26796, CVE-2022-26797, CVE-2022-26798, CVE-2022-26801, CVE-2022-26802, CVE-2022-26803, CVE-2022-26807, CVE-2022-26808, CVE-2022-26810, CVE-2022-26827, CVE-2022-26904)

- A remote code execution vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to bypass authentication and execute unauthorized arbitrary commands. (CVE-2022-21983, CVE-2022-22008, CVE-2022-24485, CVE-2022-24491, CVE-2022-24492, CVE-2022-24500, CVE-2022-24528, CVE-2022-24533, CVE-2022-24534, CVE-2022-24536, CVE-2022-24541, CVE-2022-26809, CVE-2022-26812, CVE-2022-26813, CVE-2022-26814, CVE-2022-26815, CVE-2022-26817, CVE-2022-26818, CVE-2022-26819, CVE-2022-26820, CVE-2022-26821, CVE-2022-26822, CVE-2022-26829, CVE-2022-26903, CVE-2022-26916, CVE-2022-26917, CVE-2022-26918, CVE-2022-26919)

- An information disclosure vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this to disclose potentially sensitive information. (CVE-2022-24493,CVE-2022-24498)

- A denial of service (DoS) vulnerability. An attacker can exploit this issue to cause the affected component to deny system or application services. (CVE-2022-26915, CVE-2022-26831)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB5012649 or Cumulative Update KB5012626.

See Also

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/5012649

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/5012626

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 159672

File Name: smb_nt_ms22_apr_5012649.nasl

Version: 1.8

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 4/12/2022

Updated: 6/1/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.5

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 8.7

Vector: AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2022-26809

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 9.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 4/12/2022

Vulnerability Publication Date: 4/12/2022

CISA Known Exploited Dates: 5/4/2022, 5/16/2022

Exploitable With

Metasploit (User Profile Arbitrary Junction Creation Local Privilege Elevation)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2022-21983, CVE-2022-24474, CVE-2022-24481, CVE-2022-24485, CVE-2022-24492, CVE-2022-24493, CVE-2022-24494, CVE-2022-24498, CVE-2022-24499, CVE-2022-24500, CVE-2022-24521, CVE-2022-24527, CVE-2022-24528, CVE-2022-24530, CVE-2022-24533, CVE-2022-24534, CVE-2022-24536, CVE-2022-24540, CVE-2022-24541, CVE-2022-24542, CVE-2022-24544, CVE-2022-26787, CVE-2022-26790, CVE-2022-26792, CVE-2022-26794, CVE-2022-26796, CVE-2022-26797, CVE-2022-26798, CVE-2022-26801, CVE-2022-26802, CVE-2022-26803, CVE-2022-26807, CVE-2022-26809, CVE-2022-26810, CVE-2022-26812, CVE-2022-26813, CVE-2022-26815, CVE-2022-26819, CVE-2022-26820, CVE-2022-26821, CVE-2022-26822, CVE-2022-26827, CVE-2022-26829, CVE-2022-26831, CVE-2022-26903, CVE-2022-26904, CVE-2022-26915, CVE-2022-26916, CVE-2022-26917, CVE-2022-26918, CVE-2022-26919

MSKB: 5012626, 5012649

MSFT: MS22-5012626, MS22-5012649

IAVA: 2022-A-0147-S, 2022-A-0145-S