Amazon Linux AMI : curl (ALAS-2021-1549)

high Nessus Plugin ID 155372

Synopsis

The remote Amazon Linux AMI host is missing a security update.

Description

The version of curl installed on the remote host is prior to 7.61.1-12.100. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the ALAS-2021-1549 advisory.

- A user can tell curl >= 7.20.0 and <= 7.78.0 to require a successful upgrade to TLS when speaking to an IMAP, POP3 or FTP server (`--ssl-reqd` on the command line or`CURLOPT_USE_SSL` set to `CURLUSESSL_CONTROL` or `CURLUSESSL_ALL` withlibcurl). This requirement could be bypassed if the server would return a properly crafted but perfectly legitimate response.This flaw would then make curl silently continue its operations
**withoutTLS** contrary to the instructions and expectations, exposing possibly sensitive data in clear text over the network. (CVE-2021-22946)

- When curl >= 7.20.0 and <= 7.78.0 connects to an IMAP or POP3 server to retrieve data using STARTTLS to upgrade to TLS security, the server can respond and send back multiple responses at once that curl caches.
curl would then upgrade to TLS but not flush the in-queue of cached responses but instead continue using and trustingthe responses it got *before* the TLS handshake as if they were authenticated.Using this flaw, it allows a Man-In-The-Middle attacker to first inject the fake responses, then pass-through the TLS traffic from the legitimate server and trick curl into sending data back to the user thinking the attacker's injected data comes from the TLS-protected server. (CVE-2021-22947)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Run 'yum update curl' to update your system.

See Also

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/ALAS-2021-1549.html

https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2021-22946

https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2021-22947

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 155372

File Name: ala_ALAS-2021-1549.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 11/16/2021

Updated: 11/16/2021

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Nessus Agent

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2021-22946

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 5.1

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 5

Temporal Score: 3.7

Vector: AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.5

Temporal Score: 6.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:curl-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:libcurl-devel, cpe:/o:amazon:linux

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 11/10/2021

Vulnerability Publication Date: 9/17/2021

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-22946, CVE-2021-22947

ALAS: 2021-1549