Photon OS 4.0: Curl PHSA-2021-4.0-0102

critical Nessus Plugin ID 153494

Synopsis

The remote PhotonOS host is missing multiple security updates.

Description

An update of the curl package has been released.

- When sending data to an MQTT server, libcurl <= 7.73.0 and 7.78.0 could in some circumstances erroneously keep a pointer to an already freed memory area and both use that again in a subsequent call to send data and also free it *again*. (CVE-2021-22945)

- A user can tell curl >= 7.20.0 and <= 7.78.0 to require a successful upgrade to TLS when speaking to an IMAP, POP3 or FTP server (`--ssl-reqd` on the command line or`CURLOPT_USE_SSL` set to `CURLUSESSL_CONTROL` or `CURLUSESSL_ALL` withlibcurl). This requirement could be bypassed if the server would return a properly crafted but perfectly legitimate response.This flaw would then make curl silently continue its operations
**withoutTLS** contrary to the instructions and expectations, exposing possibly sensitive data in clear text over the network. (CVE-2021-22946)

- When curl >= 7.20.0 and <= 7.78.0 connects to an IMAP or POP3 server to retrieve data using STARTTLS to upgrade to TLS security, the server can respond and send back multiple responses at once that curl caches.
curl would then upgrade to TLS but not flush the in-queue of cached responses but instead continue using and trustingthe responses it got *before* the TLS handshake as if they were authenticated.Using this flaw, it allows a Man-In-The-Middle attacker to first inject the fake responses, then pass-through the TLS traffic from the legitimate server and trick curl into sending data back to the user thinking the attacker's injected data comes from the TLS-protected server. (CVE-2021-22947)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Update the affected Linux packages.

See Also

https://github.com/vmware/photon/wiki/Security-Updates-4.0-102.md

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 153494

File Name: PhotonOS_PHSA-2021-4_0-0102_curl.nasl

Version: 1.5

Type: local

Published: 9/21/2021

Updated: 10/12/2021

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 5.8

Temporal Score: 4.3

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:P

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2021-22945

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.1

Temporal Score: 7.9

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:vmware:photonos:curl, cpe:/o:vmware:photonos:4.0

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/PhotonOS/release, Host/PhotonOS/rpm-list

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 9/17/2021

Vulnerability Publication Date: 9/17/2021

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2021-22945, CVE-2021-22946, CVE-2021-22947