Node.js 10.x < 10.23.1 / 12.x < 12.20.1 / 14.x < 14.15.4 / 15.x < 15.5.1 Multiple Vulnerabilities

high Nessus Plugin ID 144949
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Synopsis

Node.js - JavaScript run-time environment is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The version of Node.js installed on the remote host is 10.x prior to 10.23.1, 12.x prior to 12.20.1, 14.x prior to 14.15.4, or 15.x prior to 15.5.1. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities as referenced in the january-2021-security-releases advisory.

- The X.509 GeneralName type is a generic type for representing different types of names. One of those name types is known as EDIPartyName. OpenSSL provides a function GENERAL_NAME_cmp which compares different instances of a GENERAL_NAME to see if they are equal or not. This function behaves incorrectly when both GENERAL_NAMEs contain an EDIPARTYNAME. A NULL pointer dereference and a crash may occur leading to a possible denial of service attack. OpenSSL itself uses the GENERAL_NAME_cmp function for two purposes: 1) Comparing CRL distribution point names between an available CRL and a CRL distribution point embedded in an X509 certificate 2) When verifying that a timestamp response token signer matches the timestamp authority name (exposed via the API functions TS_RESP_verify_response and TS_RESP_verify_token) If an attacker can control both items being compared then that attacker could trigger a crash. For example if the attacker can trick a client or server into checking a malicious certificate against a malicious CRL then this may occur. Note that some applications automatically download CRLs based on a URL embedded in a certificate. This checking happens prior to the signatures on the certificate and CRL being verified.
OpenSSL's s_server, s_client and verify tools have support for the -crl_download option which implements automatic CRL downloading and this attack has been demonstrated to work against those tools. Note that an unrelated bug means that affected versions of OpenSSL cannot parse or construct correct encodings of EDIPARTYNAME. However it is possible to construct a malformed EDIPARTYNAME that OpenSSL's parser will accept and hence trigger this attack. All OpenSSL 1.1.1 and 1.0.2 versions are affected by this issue.
Other OpenSSL releases are out of support and have not been checked. Fixed in OpenSSL 1.1.1i (Affected 1.1.1-1.1.1h). Fixed in OpenSSL 1.0.2x (Affected 1.0.2-1.0.2w). (CVE-2020-1971)

- Node.js versions before 10.23.1, 12.20.1, 14.15.4, 15.5.1 allow two copies of a header field in an HTTP request (for example, two Transfer-Encoding header fields). In this case, Node.js identifies the first header field and ignores the second. This can lead to HTTP Request Smuggling. (CVE-2020-8287)

- Node.js versions before 10.23.1, 12.20.1, 14.15.4, 15.5.1 are vulnerable to a use-after-free bug in its TLS implementation. When writing to a TLS enabled socket, node::StreamBase::Write calls node::TLSWrap::DoWrite with a freshly allocated WriteWrap object as first argument. If the DoWrite method does not return an error, this object is passed back to the caller as part of a StreamWriteResult structure. This may be exploited to corrupt memory leading to a Denial of Service or potentially other exploits. (CVE-2020-8265)

Note that Nessus has not tested for this issue but has instead relied only on the application's self-reported version number.

Solution

Upgrade to Node.js version 10.23.1 / 12.20.1 / 14.15.4 / 15.5.1 or later.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?c59c0b90

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 144949

File Name: nodejs_2021_jan.nasl

Version: 1.5

Type: local

Agent: windows, macosx, unix

Family: Misc.

Published: 1/14/2021

Updated: 3/5/2021

Dependencies: macosx_nodejs_installed.nbin, nodejs_win_installed.nbin

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2020-8265

VPR

Risk Factor: Medium

Score: 6.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 6.8

Temporal Score: 5

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.1

Temporal Score: 7.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/a:nodejs:node.js

Required KB Items: installed_sw/Node.js

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 1/4/2021

Vulnerability Publication Date: 12/8/2020

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2020-1971, CVE-2020-8265, CVE-2020-8287

IAVB: 2021-B-0004