KB4561649: Windows 10 June 2020 Security Update

high Nessus Plugin ID 137261

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4561649.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the printconfig.dll handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2020-1196)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1348)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Runtime improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Runtime handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2020-1231, CVE-2020-1282, CVE-2020-1304, CVE-2020-1334)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows OLE fails to properly validate user input. An attacker could exploit the vulnerability to execute malicious code. (CVE-2020-1281)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way Windows Error Reporting (WER) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2020-1261, CVE-2020-1263)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) IIS module improperly handles uploaded content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could upload restricted file types to an IIS-hosted folder. (CVE-2020-1255)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the wlansvc.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2020-1270)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Network Connections Service handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2020-1291)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Installer because of the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. (CVE-2020-1302)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector or the Visual Studio Standard Collector fail to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2020-1202, CVE-2020-1203)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Error Reporting manager improperly handles a process crash. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could delete a targeted file leading to an elevated status. (CVE-2020-1197)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Backup Service improperly handles file operations. (CVE-2020-1271)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Text Service Framework (TSF) when the TSF server fails to properly handle messages sent from TSF clients.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in a privileged process. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1314)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2020-1272)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges. An attacker with unprivileged access to a vulnerable system could exploit this vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring the Diagnostics Hub Standard Collector Service properly handles file operations. (CVE-2020-1278)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2020-1315)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows WalletService handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2020-1287, CVE-2020-1294)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows fails to properly handle cabinet files. (CVE-2020-1300)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1213, CVE-2020-1214, CVE-2020-1215, CVE-2020-1216, CVE-2020-1230, CVE-2020-1260)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1219)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows Registry improperly handles filesystem operations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a denial of service against a system.
(CVE-2020-1194)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2020-1299)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Microsoft Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2020-1160)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1073)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows State Repository Service improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows State Repository Service handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2020-1305)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Windows Host Guardian Service improperly handles hashes recorded and logged. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could tamper with the log file. In an attack scenario, an attacker can change existing event log types to a type the parsers do not interpret allowing an attacker to append their own hash without triggering an alert. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Host Guardian Service handles logging of the measured boot hash.
(CVE-2020-1259)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Microsoft Server Message Block 1.0 (SMBv1) server handles certain requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the ability to execute code on the target server.
(CVE-2020-1301)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1239)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when an OLE Automation component improperly handles memory.
(CVE-2020-1212)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Group Policy improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2020-1317)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1208, CVE-2020-1236)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-0986, CVE-2020-1246, CVE-2020-1262, CVE-2020-1264, CVE-2020-1266, CVE-2020-1269, CVE-2020-1316)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-0915, CVE-2020-0916)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Modules Installer Service improperly handles class object members. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows handles calls to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2020-1254)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Component Object Model (COM) client uses special case IIDs. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1311)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2020-1207, CVE-2020-1247, CVE-2020-1251, CVE-2020-1253, CVE-2020-1310)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Error Reporting improperly handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1234)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when theMicrosoft Edge (Chromium-based) in IE Mode improperly handles specific redirects. An attacker who successfully exploits the IE Mode vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2020-1220)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4561649.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?111cb6a4

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 137261

File Name: smb_nt_ms20_jun_4561649.nasl

Version: 1.12

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 6/9/2020

Updated: 5/13/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.5

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2020-1299

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 8.8

Temporal Score: 8.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2020-1317

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows, cpe:/a:microsoft:edge

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 6/9/2020

Vulnerability Publication Date: 6/9/2020

CISA Known Exploited Dates: 5/3/2022

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2020-0915, CVE-2020-0916, CVE-2020-0986, CVE-2020-1073, CVE-2020-1160, CVE-2020-1194, CVE-2020-1196, CVE-2020-1197, CVE-2020-1202, CVE-2020-1203, CVE-2020-1207, CVE-2020-1208, CVE-2020-1212, CVE-2020-1213, CVE-2020-1214, CVE-2020-1215, CVE-2020-1216, CVE-2020-1219, CVE-2020-1220, CVE-2020-1230, CVE-2020-1231, CVE-2020-1234, CVE-2020-1236, CVE-2020-1239, CVE-2020-1246, CVE-2020-1247, CVE-2020-1251, CVE-2020-1253, CVE-2020-1254, CVE-2020-1255, CVE-2020-1259, CVE-2020-1260, CVE-2020-1261, CVE-2020-1262, CVE-2020-1263, CVE-2020-1264, CVE-2020-1266, CVE-2020-1269, CVE-2020-1270, CVE-2020-1271, CVE-2020-1272, CVE-2020-1278, CVE-2020-1281, CVE-2020-1282, CVE-2020-1287, CVE-2020-1291, CVE-2020-1294, CVE-2020-1299, CVE-2020-1300, CVE-2020-1301, CVE-2020-1302, CVE-2020-1304, CVE-2020-1305, CVE-2020-1310, CVE-2020-1311, CVE-2020-1314, CVE-2020-1315, CVE-2020-1316, CVE-2020-1317, CVE-2020-1334, CVE-2020-1348

MSKB: 4561649

MSFT: MS20-4561649

IAVA: 2020-A-0247-S, 2020-A-0256-S