KB4556799: Windows 10 Version 1903 and Windows 10 Version 1909 May 2020 Security Update

critical Nessus Plugin ID 136502

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4556799.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when .NET Core or .NET Framework improperly handles web requests. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service against a .NET Core or .NET Framework web application. The vulnerability can be exploited remotely, without authentication. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing specially crafted requests to the .NET Core or .NET Framework application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the .NET Core or .NET Framework web application handles web requests. (CVE-2020-1108)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-0963, CVE-2020-1179)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Clipboard Service.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2020-1111, CVE-2020-1121, CVE-2020-1165, CVE-2020-1166)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge PDF Reader improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1096)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Hyper-V on a Windows Server fails to properly handle specially crafted network packets. (CVE-2020-0909)

- A cross-site-scripting (XSS) vulnerability exists when Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) does not properly sanitize user inputs. An un-authenticated attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending a specially crafted request to an affected ADFS server.
The attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could then perform cross-site scripting attacks on affected systems and run scripts in the security context of the current user. This security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring that ADFS properly sanitizes user inputs. (CVE-2020-1055)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2020-1072)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Connected User Experiences and Telemetry Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. (CVE-2020-1123)

- A Denial Of Service vulnerability exists when Connected User Experiences and Telemetry Service fails to validate certain function values. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could deny dependent security feature functionality. (CVE-2020-1084)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1142)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Print Spooler service improperly allows arbitrary writing to the file system. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1048, CVE-2020-1070)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Error Reporting (WER) when WER handles and executes files. The vulnerability could allow elevation of privilege if an attacker can successfully exploit it.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain greater access to sensitive information and system functionality. (CVE-2020-1021, CVE-2020-1082, CVE-2020-1088)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2020-1076)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1051, CVE-2020-1174, CVE-2020-1175, CVE-2020-1176)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1079)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Installer because of the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. (CVE-2020-1078)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Block Level Backup Engine Service (wbengine) that allows file deletion in arbitrary locations.
(CVE-2020-1010)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2020-1140)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way the Windows Push Notification Service handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. An attacker could then install programs; view, change or delete data. (CVE-2020-1137)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2020-1141, CVE-2020-1145)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Storage Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on the victim system.
(CVE-2020-1138)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Subsystem for Linux improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. A attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Subsystem for Linux handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1075)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1062, CVE-2020-1092)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge does not properly enforce cross-domain policies, which could allow an attacker to access information from one domain and inject it into another domain. (CVE-2020-1056)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the Windows implementation of Transport Layer Security (TLS) when it improperly handles certain key exchanges. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2020-1118)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the MSHTML engine improperly validates input. An attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2020-1064)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2020-1028, CVE-2020-1126, CVE-2020-1136)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2020-1153)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2020-1054, CVE-2020-1143)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Windows handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code with elevated permissions on a target system. (CVE-2020-1067)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Color Management Module (ICM32.dll) handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1117)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Error Reporting manager improperly handles file and folder links. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could overwrite a targeted file leading to an elevated status. (CVE-2020-1132)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2020-1135)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when the Task Scheduler service fails to properly verify client connections over RPC. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code as an administrator. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1113)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) IIS module improperly handles uploaded content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could upload restricted file types to an IIS-hosted folder. (CVE-2020-1112)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Printer Service improperly validates file paths while loading printer drivers. An authenticated attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges.
(CVE-2020-1081)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Runtime improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Runtime handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2020-1077, CVE-2020-1086, CVE-2020-1090, CVE-2020-1125, CVE-2020-1139, CVE-2020-1149, CVE-2020-1151, CVE-2020-1155, CVE-2020-1156, CVE-2020-1157, CVE-2020-1158, CVE-2020-1164)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Microsoft Script Runtime handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1061)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows State Repository Service improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows State Repository Service handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2020-1124, CVE-2020-1131, CVE-2020-1134, CVE-2020-1144, CVE-2020-1184, CVE-2020-1185, CVE-2020-1186, CVE-2020-1187, CVE-2020-1188, CVE-2020-1189, CVE-2020-1190, CVE-2020-1191)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the ChakraCore scripting engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1065)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2020-1087)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles errors tied to Remote Access Common Dialog. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2020-1071)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge (HTML-based). The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1037)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Update Stack fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1109, CVE-2020-1110)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2020-1114)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Media Service that allows file creation in arbitrary locations. (CVE-2020-1068)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Common Log File System (CLFS) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2020-1154)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2020-1035, CVE-2020-1058, CVE-2020-1060, CVE-2020-1093)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Client Server Run-Time Subsystem (CSRSS) fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system.
(CVE-2020-1116)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge does not properly parse HTTP content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user by redirecting the user to a specially crafted website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2020-1059)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4556799.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?519216b7

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 136502

File Name: smb_nt_ms20_may_4556799.nasl

Version: 1.14

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 5/12/2020

Updated: 5/13/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2020-1176

VPR

Risk Factor: Critical

Score: 9.7

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.9

Temporal Score: 9.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows, cpe:/a:microsoft:edge

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 5/12/2020

Vulnerability Publication Date: 5/12/2020

CISA Known Exploited Dates: 5/3/2022

Exploitable With

Metasploit (Microsoft Spooler Local Privilege Elevation Vulnerability)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2020-0909, CVE-2020-0963, CVE-2020-1010, CVE-2020-1021, CVE-2020-1028, CVE-2020-1035, CVE-2020-1037, CVE-2020-1048, CVE-2020-1051, CVE-2020-1054, CVE-2020-1055, CVE-2020-1056, CVE-2020-1058, CVE-2020-1059, CVE-2020-1060, CVE-2020-1061, CVE-2020-1062, CVE-2020-1064, CVE-2020-1065, CVE-2020-1067, CVE-2020-1068, CVE-2020-1070, CVE-2020-1071, CVE-2020-1072, CVE-2020-1075, CVE-2020-1076, CVE-2020-1077, CVE-2020-1078, CVE-2020-1079, CVE-2020-1081, CVE-2020-1082, CVE-2020-1084, CVE-2020-1086, CVE-2020-1087, CVE-2020-1088, CVE-2020-1090, CVE-2020-1092, CVE-2020-1093, CVE-2020-1096, CVE-2020-1108, CVE-2020-1109, CVE-2020-1110, CVE-2020-1111, CVE-2020-1112, CVE-2020-1113, CVE-2020-1114, CVE-2020-1116, CVE-2020-1117, CVE-2020-1118, CVE-2020-1121, CVE-2020-1123, CVE-2020-1124, CVE-2020-1125, CVE-2020-1126, CVE-2020-1131, CVE-2020-1132, CVE-2020-1134, CVE-2020-1135, CVE-2020-1136, CVE-2020-1137, CVE-2020-1138, CVE-2020-1139, CVE-2020-1140, CVE-2020-1141, CVE-2020-1142, CVE-2020-1143, CVE-2020-1144, CVE-2020-1145, CVE-2020-1149, CVE-2020-1151, CVE-2020-1153, CVE-2020-1154, CVE-2020-1155, CVE-2020-1156, CVE-2020-1157, CVE-2020-1158, CVE-2020-1164, CVE-2020-1165, CVE-2020-1166, CVE-2020-1174, CVE-2020-1175, CVE-2020-1176, CVE-2020-1179, CVE-2020-1184, CVE-2020-1185, CVE-2020-1186, CVE-2020-1187, CVE-2020-1188, CVE-2020-1189, CVE-2020-1190, CVE-2020-1191

MSKB: 4556799

MSFT: MS20-4556799

IAVA: 2020-A-0201-S, 2020-A-0214-S