KB4512501: Windows 10 Version 1803 August 2019 Security Update

Critical Nessus Plugin ID 127845

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4512501.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Advanced Local Procedure Call (ALPC). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2019-1162)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft browsers improperly handle requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft browsers to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted.
(CVE-2019-1192)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2019-1133, CVE-2019-1194)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when the XmlLite runtime (XmlLite.dll) improperly parses XML input. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service against an XML application. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing specially crafted requests to an XML application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the XmlLite runtime parses XML input. (CVE-2019-1187)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2019-1176)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows RDP server improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the system. (CVE-2019-1224, CVE-2019-1225)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1146, CVE-2019-1147, CVE-2019-1155, CVE-2019-1156, CVE-2019-1157)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP/2 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP/2 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2019-9511, CVE-2019-9512, CVE-2019-9513, CVE-2019-9514, CVE-2019-9518)

- <h1>Executive Summary</h1> Microsoft is aware of the Bluetooth BR/EDR (basic rate/enhanced data rate, known as &quot;Bluetooth Classic&quot;) key negotiation vulnerability that exists at the hardware specification level of any BR/EDR Bluetooth device. An attacker could potentially be able to negotiate the offered key length down to 1 byte of entropy, from a maximum of 16 bytes.
(CVE-2019-9506)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) when an attacker connects to the target system using RDP and sends specially crafted requests. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause the RDP service on the target system to stop responding. (CVE-2019-1223)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1227)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2019-1188)

- An elevation of privilege exists in the p2pimsvc service where an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2019-1168)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0965)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows Graphics Component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1078)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the wcmsvc.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1180, CVE-2019-1186)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-1131, CVE-2019-1139, CVE-2019-1140, CVE-2019-1195, CVE-2019-1196, CVE-2019-1197)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the psmsrv.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1175)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in SymCrypt during the OAEP decryption stage. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1171)

- An elevation of privilege exists in SyncController.dll.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges.
(CVE-2019-1198)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the ssdpsrv.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1178)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1144, CVE-2019-1145, CVE-2019-1149, CVE-2019-1150, CVE-2019-1151, CVE-2019-1152)

- A security feature bypass exists when Windows incorrectly validates CAB file signatures. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a CAB file without invalidating the file's signature. (CVE-2019-1163)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1159, CVE-2019-1164)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-1183)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0720)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows DHCP client when an attacker sends specially crafted DHCP responses to a client. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code on the client machine. (CVE-2019-0736)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Microsoft Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1148, CVE-2019-1153)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Remote Desktop Services formerly known as Terminal Services when an unauthenticated attacker connects to the target system using RDP and sends specially crafted requests.
This vulnerability is pre-authentication and requires no user interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on the target system. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1181, CVE-2019-1182, CVE-2019-1222, CVE-2019-1226)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the rpcss.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1177)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the PsmServiceExtHost.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2019-1173)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-1193)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1030)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Azure Active Directory (AAD) Microsoft Account (MSA) during the login request session. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take over a user's account. (CVE-2019-1172)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2019-0714, CVE-2019-0715, CVE-2019-0718, CVE-2019-0723)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2019-0716)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise a users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2019-1143, CVE-2019-1158)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Core Shell COM Server Registrar improperly handles COM calls. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could potentially set certain items to run at a higher level and thereby elevate permissions. (CVE-2019-1184)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows Server DHCP service when processing specially crafted packets. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the DHCP server service to stop responding. (CVE-2019-1212)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2019-1057)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the unistore.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1179)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4512501.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?39c6baa6

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 127845

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_aug_4512501.nasl

Version: 1.4

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2019/08/13

Updated: 2019/09/24

Dependencies: 13855, 57033, 93962

Risk Information

Risk Factor: Critical

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-1181

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 7.8

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 8.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2019/08/13

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2019/08/13

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2019-0714, CVE-2019-0715, CVE-2019-0716, CVE-2019-0718, CVE-2019-0720, CVE-2019-0723, CVE-2019-0736, CVE-2019-0965, CVE-2019-1030, CVE-2019-1057, CVE-2019-1078, CVE-2019-1131, CVE-2019-1133, CVE-2019-1139, CVE-2019-1140, CVE-2019-1143, CVE-2019-1144, CVE-2019-1145, CVE-2019-1146, CVE-2019-1147, CVE-2019-1148, CVE-2019-1149, CVE-2019-1150, CVE-2019-1151, CVE-2019-1152, CVE-2019-1153, CVE-2019-1155, CVE-2019-1156, CVE-2019-1157, CVE-2019-1158, CVE-2019-1159, CVE-2019-1162, CVE-2019-1163, CVE-2019-1164, CVE-2019-1168, CVE-2019-1171, CVE-2019-1172, CVE-2019-1173, CVE-2019-1175, CVE-2019-1176, CVE-2019-1177, CVE-2019-1178, CVE-2019-1179, CVE-2019-1180, CVE-2019-1181, CVE-2019-1182, CVE-2019-1183, CVE-2019-1184, CVE-2019-1186, CVE-2019-1187, CVE-2019-1188, CVE-2019-1192, CVE-2019-1193, CVE-2019-1194, CVE-2019-1195, CVE-2019-1196, CVE-2019-1197, CVE-2019-1198, CVE-2019-1212, CVE-2019-1222, CVE-2019-1223, CVE-2019-1224, CVE-2019-1225, CVE-2019-1226, CVE-2019-1227, CVE-2019-9506, CVE-2019-9511, CVE-2019-9512, CVE-2019-9513, CVE-2019-9514, CVE-2019-9518

MSKB: 4512501

MSFT: MS19-4512501