KB4512491: Windows Server 2008 August 2019 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 127842

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4512491 or cumulative update 4512476. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Advanced Local Procedure Call (ALPC). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2019-1162)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Microsoft Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1148, CVE-2019-1153)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when the XmlLite runtime (XmlLite.dll) improperly parses XML input. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service against an XML application. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing specially crafted requests to an XML application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the XmlLite runtime parses XML input. (CVE-2019-1187)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise a users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2019-1143, CVE-2019-1154, CVE-2019-1158)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1146, CVE-2019-1147, CVE-2019-1155, CVE-2019-1156, CVE-2019-1157)

- An elevation of privilege exists in the p2pimsvc service where an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2019-1168)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2019-1169)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows Graphics Component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-1078)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Microsoft XML Core Services MSXML parser processes user input. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run malicious code remotely to take control of the users system. (CVE-2019-1057)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1144, CVE-2019-1145, CVE-2019-1149, CVE-2019-1150, CVE-2019-1151, CVE-2019-1152)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-1159, CVE-2019-1164)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows DHCP client when an attacker sends specially crafted DHCP responses to a client. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code on the client machine. (CVE-2019-0736)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2019-1133, CVE-2019-1194)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the rpcss.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1177)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from a privileged user on a guest operating system. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server to crash. (CVE-2019-0714, CVE-2019-0715)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2019-1183)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2019-0716)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-1228)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0720)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows Server DHCP service when processing specially crafted packets. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause the DHCP server service to stop responding. (CVE-2019-1212)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the ssdpsrv.dll handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2019-1178)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows Server DHCP service when an attacker sends specially crafted packets to a DHCP server. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code on the DHCP server. (CVE-2019-1213)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB4512491 or Cumulative Update KB4512476.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?fa319ae7

http://www.nessus.org/u?127b7a44

http://www.nessus.org/u?b5f68421

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 127842

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_aug_4512476.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2019/08/13

Updated: 2019/08/16

Dependencies: 57033, 93962, 13855

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0720

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 7.6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:H/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Patch Publication Date: 2019/08/13

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2019/08/13

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2019-0714, CVE-2019-0715, CVE-2019-0716, CVE-2019-0720, CVE-2019-0736, CVE-2019-1057, CVE-2019-1078, CVE-2019-1133, CVE-2019-1143, CVE-2019-1144, CVE-2019-1145, CVE-2019-1146, CVE-2019-1147, CVE-2019-1148, CVE-2019-1149, CVE-2019-1150, CVE-2019-1151, CVE-2019-1152, CVE-2019-1153, CVE-2019-1154, CVE-2019-1155, CVE-2019-1156, CVE-2019-1157, CVE-2019-1158, CVE-2019-1159, CVE-2019-1162, CVE-2019-1164, CVE-2019-1168, CVE-2019-1169, CVE-2019-1177, CVE-2019-1178, CVE-2019-1183, CVE-2019-1187, CVE-2019-1194, CVE-2019-1212, CVE-2019-1213, CVE-2019-1228

MSKB: 4512476, 4512491

MSFT: MS19-4512476, MS19-4512491

IAVA: 2019-A-0284