Amazon Linux AMI : qemu-kvm (ALAS-2019-1260) (MDSUM/RIDL) (MFBDS/RIDL/ZombieLoad) (MLPDS/RIDL) (MSBDS/Fallout)

medium Nessus Plugin ID 127816
New! Plugin Severity Now Using CVSS v3

The calculated severity for Plugins has been updated to use CVSS v3 by default. Plugins that do not have a CVSS v3 score will fall back to CVSS v2 for calculating severity. Severity display preferences can be toggled in the settings dropdown.

Synopsis

The remote Amazon Linux AMI host is missing a security update.

Description

Modern Intel microprocessors implement hardware-level micro-optimizations to improve the performance of writing data back to CPU caches. The write operation is split into STA (STore Address) and STD (STore Data) sub-operations. These sub-operations allow the processor to hand-off address generation logic into these sub-operations for optimized writes. Both of these sub-operations write to a shared distributed processor structure called the 'processor store buffer'. As a result, an unprivileged attacker could use this flaw to read private data resident within the CPU's processor store buffer.(CVE-2018-12126)

Uncacheable memory on some microprocessors utilizing speculative execution may allow an authenticated user to potentially enable information disclosure via a side channel with local access.(CVE-2019-11091)

Microprocessors use a load port subcomponent to perform load operations from memory or IO. During a load operation, the load port receives data from the memory or IO subsystem and then provides the data to the CPU registers and operations in the CPUs pipelines. Stale load operations results are stored in the 'load port' table until overwritten by newer operations. Certain load-port operations triggered by an attacker can be used to reveal data about previous stale requests leaking data back to the attacker via a timing side-channel.(CVE-2018-12127)

A flaw was found in the implementation of the 'fill buffer', a mechanism used by modern CPUs when a cache-miss is made on L1 CPU cache. If an attacker can generate a load operation that would create a page fault, the execution will continue speculatively with incorrect data from the fill buffer while the data is fetched from higher level caches. This response time can be measured to infer data in the fill buffer.(CVE-2018-12130)

Solution

Run 'yum update qemu-kvm' to update your system.

See Also

https://alas.aws.amazon.com/ALAS-2019-1260.html

Plugin Details

Severity: Medium

ID: 127816

File Name: ala_ALAS-2019-1260.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: unix

Published: 8/13/2019

Updated: 1/2/2020

Dependencies: ssh_get_info.nasl

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-11091

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 8.5

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 4.7

Temporal Score: 3.5

Vector: AV:L/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:N/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Medium

Base Score: 5.6

Temporal Score: 4.9

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:H/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:N/A:N

Temporal Vector: E:U/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:qemu-img, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:qemu-kvm, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:qemu-kvm-common, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:qemu-kvm-debuginfo, p-cpe:/a:amazon:linux:qemu-kvm-tools, cpe:/o:amazon:linux

Required KB Items: Host/local_checks_enabled, Host/AmazonLinux/release, Host/AmazonLinux/rpm-list

Exploit Ease: No known exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 8/12/2019

Vulnerability Publication Date: 5/30/2019

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-12126, CVE-2018-12127, CVE-2018-12130, CVE-2019-11091

ALAS: 2019-1260