KB4487019: Windows Server 2008 February 2019 Security Update

critical Nessus Plugin ID 122123

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4487019 or cumulative update 4487023. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Microsoft Server Message Block 2.0 (SMBv2) server handles certain requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the ability to execute code on the target server.
(CVE-2019-0630)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0623)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0635)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0602, CVE-2019-0615, CVE-2019-0616, CVE-2019-0619, CVE-2019-0660, CVE-2019-0664)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. An authenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows kernel handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0661)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Human Interface Devices (HID) component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the victims system. (CVE-2019-0600, CVE-2019-0601)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in .NET Framework and Visual Studio software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0613)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-0621)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the win32k component improperly provides kernel information.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-0628)

- A vulnerability exists in certain .Net Framework API's and Visual Studio in the way they parse URL's. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could use it to bypass security logic intended to ensure that a user-provided URL belonged to a specific hostname or a subdomain of that hostname. This could be used to cause privileged communication to be made to an untrusted service as if it was a trusted service.
(CVE-2019-0657)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in the memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0618, CVE-2019-0662)

- An information vulnerability exists when Windows improperly discloses file information. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow the attacker to read the contents of files on disk.
(CVE-2019-0636)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft browsers improperly handles specific redirects. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2019-0654)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows Server DHCP service when an attacker sends specially crafted packets to a DHCP server. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code on the DHCP server. (CVE-2019-0626)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0595, CVE-2019-0596, CVE-2019-0597, CVE-2019-0598, CVE-2019-0599, CVE-2019-0625)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB4487019 or Cumulative Update KB4487023.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?68a182bd

http://www.nessus.org/u?e07d6a61

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 122123

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_feb_4487019.nasl

Version: 1.11

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2/12/2019

Updated: 5/23/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure, Frictionless Assessment Agent, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 8.9

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0662

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 9.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0626

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2/12/2019

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2/12/2019

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Core Impact

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2019-0595, CVE-2019-0596, CVE-2019-0597, CVE-2019-0598, CVE-2019-0599, CVE-2019-0600, CVE-2019-0601, CVE-2019-0602, CVE-2019-0613, CVE-2019-0615, CVE-2019-0616, CVE-2019-0618, CVE-2019-0619, CVE-2019-0621, CVE-2019-0623, CVE-2019-0625, CVE-2019-0626, CVE-2019-0628, CVE-2019-0630, CVE-2019-0635, CVE-2019-0636, CVE-2019-0654, CVE-2019-0657, CVE-2019-0660, CVE-2019-0661, CVE-2019-0662, CVE-2019-0664

MSFT: MS19-4487019, MS19-4487023

MSKB: 4487019, 4487023