KB4467680: Windows 10 November 2018 Security Update

high Nessus Plugin ID 118914
New! Plugin Severity Now Using CVSS v3

The calculated severity for Plugins has been updated to use CVSS v3 by default. Plugins that do not have a CVSS v3 score will fall back to CVSS v2 for calculating severity. Severity display preferences can be toggled in the settings dropdown.

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4467680 or 4093430. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft JScript that could allow an attacker to bypass Device Guard. (CVE-2018-8417)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8552)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Search handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-8450)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when PowerShell improperly handles specially crafted files.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute malicious code on a vulnerable system. (CVE-2018-8256)

- A tampering vulnerability exists in PowerShell that could allow an attacker to execute unlogged code.
(CVE-2018-8415)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when DirectX improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-8485, CVE-2018-8561)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8562)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8542, CVE-2018-8543, CVE-2018-8555, CVE-2018-8556, CVE-2018-8557, CVE-2018-8588)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Microsoft RemoteFX Virtual GPU miniport driver handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8471)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Advanced Local Procedure Call (ALPC). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-8584)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8544)

- An elevation of privilege exists in Windows COM Aggregate Marshaler. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code with elevated privileges. (CVE-2018-8550)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory.
(CVE-2018-8408)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2018-8564)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft Graphics Components handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a target system. (CVE-2018-8553)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when "Kernel Remote Procedure Call Provider" driver improperly initializes objects in memory.
(CVE-2018-8407)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the win32k component improperly provides kernel information.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8565)

- A security feature bypass exists when Windows incorrectly validates kernel driver signatures. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could bypass security features and load improperly signed drivers into the kernel. In an attack scenario, an attacker could bypass security features intended to prevent improperly signed drivers from being loaded by the kernel. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows validates kernel driver signatures. (CVE-2018-8549)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4467680.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?e984e7d9

http://www.nessus.org/u?8dbfb631

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 118914

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_nov_4467680.nasl

Version: 1.10

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 11/13/2018

Updated: 8/18/2020

Dependencies: smb_check_rollup.nasl, smb_hotfixes.nasl, ms_bulletin_checks_possible.nasl

Risk Information

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2018-8553

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 8.9

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 7.8

Temporal Score: 7.5

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows, cpe:/a:microsoft:edge

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 11/13/2018

Vulnerability Publication Date: 11/13/2018

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-8256, CVE-2018-8407, CVE-2018-8408, CVE-2018-8415, CVE-2018-8417, CVE-2018-8450, CVE-2018-8471, CVE-2018-8485, CVE-2018-8542, CVE-2018-8543, CVE-2018-8544, CVE-2018-8549, CVE-2018-8550, CVE-2018-8552, CVE-2018-8553, CVE-2018-8555, CVE-2018-8556, CVE-2018-8557, CVE-2018-8561, CVE-2018-8562, CVE-2018-8564, CVE-2018-8565, CVE-2018-8584, CVE-2018-8588

BID: 105770, 105772, 105775, 105777, 105779, 105780, 105781, 105782, 105785, 105786, 105787, 105789, 105790, 105791, 105792, 105794, 105795, 105797, 105800, 105803, 105805, 105808, 105813, 105846

MSKB: 4467680, 4093430

MSFT: MS18-4467680, MS18-4093430