KB4343899: Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 August 2018 Security Update (Foreshadow)

High Nessus Plugin ID 111689

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4343899 or cumulative update 4343900. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browsers access objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8403)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8348)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS) when ndis.sys fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it. (CVE-2018-8342, CVE-2018-8343)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly validates hyperlinks before loading executable libraries. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-8316)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8396, CVE-2018-8398)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8385)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. (CVE-2018-8345, CVE-2018-8346)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8389)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in the memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8397)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8404)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in "Microsoft COM for Windows" when it fails to properly handle serialized objects. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could use a specially crafted file or script to perform actions. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file.
(CVE-2018-8349)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the Windows Installer when the Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A locally authenticated attacker could run arbitrary code with elevated system privileges. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the input sanitization error to preclude unintended elevation. (CVE-2018-8339)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft .NET Framework that could allow an attacker to access information in multi-tenant environments. The vulnerability is caused when .NET Framework is used in high-load/high-density network connections where content from one stream can blend into another stream.
(CVE-2018-8360)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when affected Microsoft browsers improperly allow cross-frame interaction. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could allow an attacker to obtain browser frame or window state from a different domain. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website from a secure website.
This update addresses the vulnerability by denying permission to read the state of the object model, to which frames or windows on different domains should not have access. (CVE-2018-8351)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8344)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB4343899 or Cumulative Update KB4343900 as well as refer to the KB article for additional information.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?3a469b20

http://www.nessus.org/u?c7990c33

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 111689

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_aug_4343900.nasl

Version: 1.12

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/08/14

Updated: 2019/04/08

Dependencies: 93962, 57033, 13855

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2018-8346

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8.8

Temporal Score: 8.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2018/08/14

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/08/14

Exploitable With

Core Impact

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-3615, CVE-2018-3620, CVE-2018-3646, CVE-2018-3665, CVE-2018-8316, CVE-2018-8339, CVE-2018-8341, CVE-2018-8342, CVE-2018-8343, CVE-2018-8344, CVE-2018-8345, CVE-2018-8346, CVE-2018-8348, CVE-2018-8349, CVE-2018-8351, CVE-2018-8353, CVE-2018-8355, CVE-2018-8360, CVE-2018-8371, CVE-2018-8372, CVE-2018-8373, CVE-2018-8385, CVE-2018-8389, CVE-2018-8394, CVE-2018-8396, CVE-2018-8397, CVE-2018-8398, CVE-2018-8403, CVE-2018-8404

BID: 104975, 104978, 104982, 104983, 104984, 104986, 104987, 104992, 104994, 104995, 104999, 105001, 105002, 105027, 105028, 105030

MSKB: 4343899, 4343900

MSFT: MS18-4343899, MS18-4343900