KB4284835: Windows 10 Version 1803 June 2018 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 110487

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284835.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205)

- An denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows NT WEBDAV Minirdr attempts to query a WEBDAV directory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a denial of service. (CVE-2018-8175)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8239)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory.
(CVE-2018-8121)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine.
(CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8221)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8234)

- An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when Cortana retrieves data from user input services without consideration for status. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute commands with elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8140)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0 protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could create a denial of service condition, causing the target system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8267)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8233)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on a target guest operating system. The host operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a remote code execution vulnerability and another elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the elevated privileges when running. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation.
(CVE-2018-8219)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8110, CVE-2018-8236)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Edge improperly marks files. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could exfiltrate file contents from disk. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious website. The security update addresses the vulnerability by properly marking files. (CVE-2018-0871)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share.
The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing.
(CVE-2018-1040)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Internet Explorer that allows for bypassing Mark of the Web Tagging (MOTW). Failing to set the MOTW means that a large number of Microsoft security technologies are bypassed. (CVE-2018-8113)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could impersonate processes, interject cross-process communication, or interrupt system functionality.
(CVE-2018-0982)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4284835.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?7614a17f

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 110487

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_jun_4284835.nasl

Version: 1.2

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/06/12

Modified: 2018/06/14

Dependencies: 93962, 57033, 13855

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSSv2

Base Score: 7.6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSSv3

Base Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Patch Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-0871, CVE-2018-0978, CVE-2018-0982, CVE-2018-1036, CVE-2018-1040, CVE-2018-8110, CVE-2018-8113, CVE-2018-8121, CVE-2018-8140, CVE-2018-8169, CVE-2018-8175, CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8205, CVE-2018-8207, CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8213, CVE-2018-8214, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8219, CVE-2018-8221, CVE-2018-8225, CVE-2018-8226, CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229, CVE-2018-8231, CVE-2018-8233, CVE-2018-8234, CVE-2018-8235, CVE-2018-8236, CVE-2018-8239, CVE-2018-8251, CVE-2018-8267

BID: 104326, 104328, 104330, 104331, 104333, 104336, 104338, 104339, 104340, 104343, 104353, 104354, 104356, 104359, 104360, 104361, 104364, 104365, 104368, 104369, 104373, 104379, 104380, 104382, 104383, 104389, 104391, 104392, 104394, 104395, 104398, 104401, 104404, 104406, 104407

MSKB: 4284835

MSFT: MS18-4284835

IAVA: 2018-A-0182, 2018-A-0185