KB4284819: Windows 10 Version 1709 and Windows Server Version 1709 June 2018 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 110485

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284819.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the
(Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver
improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who
successfully exploited this vulnerability could run
processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft
Hyper-V Network Switch on a host server fails to
properly validate input from a privileged user on a
guest operating system. An attacker who successfully
exploited the vulnerability could cause the host server
to crash. (CVE-2018-8218)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows
Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or
create new accounts with full user rights. There are
multiple ways an attacker could exploit the
vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a
specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to
visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses
the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media
Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows
improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who
successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a
target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205)

- An denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows
NT WEBDAV Minirdr attempts to query a WEBDAV directory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could cause a denial of service. (CVE-2018-8175)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the
Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents
of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited
the vulnerability could obtain information to further
compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an
attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by
convincing a user to open a specially crafted document,
or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by
correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects
in memory. (CVE-2018-8239)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when HTTP
Protocol Stack (Http.sys) improperly handles objects in
memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this
vulnerability could execute arbitrary code and take
control of the affected system. (CVE-2018-8231)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the
Windows kernel improperly initializes objects in memory.
(CVE-2018-8121)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Device
Guard that could allow an attacker to inject malicious
code into a Windows PowerShell session. An attacker who
successfully exploited this vulnerability could inject
code into a trusted PowerShell process to bypass the
Device Guard Code Integrity policy on the local machine.
(CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212,
CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8221)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when
Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could obtain information to further compromise the users
system. (CVE-2018-8234)

- An Elevation of Privilege vulnerability exists when
Cortana retrieves data from user input services without
consideration for status. An attacker who successfully
exploited the vulnerability could execute commands with
elevated permissions. (CVE-2018-8140)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the HTTP 2.0
protocol stack (HTTP.sys) when HTTP.sys improperly
parses specially crafted HTTP 2.0 requests. An attacker
who successfully exploited the vulnerability could
create a denial of service condition, causing the target
system to become unresponsive. (CVE-2018-8226)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way
that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in
Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt
memory in such a way that an attacker could execute
arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8267)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the
Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An
attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability
could obtain information to further compromise the users
system. (CVE-2018-8207)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS
improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully
exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an
elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows
Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to
properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who
successfully exploited the vulnerability could run
arbitrary code in the context of the Local System
Account. (CVE-2018-8225)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when
Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different
origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to
bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to
allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could force the browser to send data that would
otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-8235)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way
that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in
memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could
corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could
execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. An attacker who successfully exploited the
vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the
current user. (CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when
Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way
that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in
the context of the current user. An attacker who
successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the
same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-8111,
CVE-2018-8236)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when
Windows allows a normal user to access the Wireless LAN
profile of an administrative user. An authenticated
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could access the Wireless LAN profile of an
administrative user, including passwords for wireless
networks. An attacker would need to log on to the
affected system and run a specific command. The security
update addresses the vulnerability by changing the way
that Windows enforces access permissions to Wireless LAN
profiles. (CVE-2018-8209)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when
Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way
that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the
context of the current user. An attacker who
successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the
same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when
Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation fails to properly
enforce privilege levels. An attacker who successfully
exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated
privileges on a target guest operating system. The host
operating system is not vulnerable to this attack. This
vulnerability by itself does not allow arbitrary code to
be run. However, the vulnerability could be used in
conjunction with one or more vulnerabilities (e.g. a
remote code execution vulnerability and another
elevation of privilege) that could take advantage of the
elevated privileges when running. The update addresses
the vulnerability by correcting how privileges are
enforced by Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation.
(CVE-2018-8219)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Edge
improperly marks files. An attacker who successfully
exploited this vulnerability could exfiltrate file
contents from disk. For an attack to be successful, an
attacker must persuade a user to open a malicious
website. The security update addresses the vulnerability
by properly marking files. (CVE-2018-0871)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that
the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the
denial of service condition would not allow an attacker
to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However,
the denial of service condition could prevent authorized
users from using system resources. An attacker could
host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share.
The attacker could also take advantage of compromised
websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided
content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted
content that could exploit the vulnerability. However,
in all cases an attacker would have no way to force
users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead,
an attacker would have to convince users to take action,
typically via an enticement in email or instant message,
or by getting them to open an email attachment. The
security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying
how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing.
(CVE-2018-1040)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in
Internet Explorer that allows for bypassing Mark of the
Web Tagging (MOTW). Failing to set the MOTW means that a
large number of Microsoft security technologies are
bypassed. (CVE-2018-8113)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when
Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An
attacker who successfully exploited these
vulnerabilities could take control of an affected
system. (CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8213)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
way that the Windows Kernel API enforces permissions. An
attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability
could impersonate processes, interject cross-process
communication, or interrupt system functionality.
(CVE-2018-0982)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in
Windows when Desktop Bridge does not properly manage the
virtual registry. An attacker who successfully exploited
this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel
mode. An attacker could then install programs; view,
change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full
user rights. (CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8214)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4284819.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?21a2fb0a

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 110485

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_jun_4284819.nasl

Version: 1.4

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/06/12

Modified: 2018/11/05

Dependencies: 13855, 57033, 93962

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS Score Source: manual

CVSS Score Rationale: Score based on analysis of the vendor advisory.

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 7.6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Patch Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-0871, CVE-2018-0978, CVE-2018-0982, CVE-2018-1036, CVE-2018-1040, CVE-2018-8111, CVE-2018-8113, CVE-2018-8121, CVE-2018-8140, CVE-2018-8169, CVE-2018-8175, CVE-2018-8201, CVE-2018-8205, CVE-2018-8207, CVE-2018-8208, CVE-2018-8209, CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8211, CVE-2018-8212, CVE-2018-8213, CVE-2018-8214, CVE-2018-8215, CVE-2018-8218, CVE-2018-8219, CVE-2018-8221, CVE-2018-8225, CVE-2018-8226, CVE-2018-8227, CVE-2018-8229, CVE-2018-8231, CVE-2018-8234, CVE-2018-8235, CVE-2018-8236, CVE-2018-8239, CVE-2018-8251, CVE-2018-8267

BID: 104326, 104328, 104331, 104333, 104335, 104336, 104338, 104339, 104340, 104343, 104353, 104354, 104356, 104359, 104360, 104361, 104364, 104365, 104368, 104369, 104373, 104379, 104380, 104382, 104389, 104391, 104392, 104393, 104394, 104395, 104398, 104401, 104402, 104404, 104406, 104407

MSKB: 4284819

MSFT: MS18-4284819