KB4284878: Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 June 2018 Security Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 110484

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4284878 or cumulative update 4284815. It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the (Human Interface Device) HID Parser Library driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-8169)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0978, CVE-2018-8249)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists when Windows Media Foundation improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit a malicious webpage. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Media Foundation handles objects in memory. (CVE-2018-8251)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System (DNS) DNSAPI.dll when it fails to properly handle DNS responses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. (CVE-2018-8225)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a target system to stop responding. (CVE-2018-8205)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-8267)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-8210)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Code Integrity Module performs hashing. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could cause a system to stop responding. Note that the denial of service condition would not allow an attacker to execute code or to elevate user privileges. However, the denial of service condition could prevent authorized users from using system resources. An attacker could host a specially crafted file in a website or SMB share.
The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, or websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements, by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. However, in all cases an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically via an enticement in email or instant message, or by getting them to open an email attachment. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Code Integrity Module performs hashing.
(CVE-2018-1040)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly checks access. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-1036)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-8207)

Solution

Apply Security Only update KB4284878 or Cumulative Update KB4284815.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?224e0ffb

http://www.nessus.org/u?43458adc

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 110484

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_jun_4284815.nasl

Version: 1.3

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/06/12

Modified: 2018/07/13

Dependencies: 13855, 93962, 57033

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSSv2

Base Score: 7.6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSSv3

Base Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Patch Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/06/12

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-0978, CVE-2018-1036, CVE-2018-1040, CVE-2018-8169, CVE-2018-8205, CVE-2018-8207, CVE-2018-8210, CVE-2018-8225, CVE-2018-8249, CVE-2018-8251, CVE-2018-8267

BID: 104356, 104360, 104363, 104364, 104379, 104389, 104391, 104395, 104398, 104404, 104407

MSKB: 4284878, 4284815

MSFT: MS18-4284878, MS18-4284815