KB4074592: Windows 10 Version 1703 February 2018 Security Update (Meltdown)(Spectre)

High Nessus Plugin ID 106798

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4074592.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An vulnerability exists within microprocessors utilizing speculative execution and indirect branch prediction, which may allow an attacker with local user access to disclose information via a side-channel analysis.
(CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753, CVE-2017-5754)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-0866)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Windows Scripting Host which could allow an attacker to bypass Device Guard. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could circumvent a User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI) policy on the machine.
(CVE-2018-0827)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0757, CVE-2018-0829, CVE-2018-0830)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2018-0763, CVE-2018-0839)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when VBScript improperly discloses the contents of its memory, which could provide an attacker with information to further compromise the users computer or data.
(CVE-2018-0847)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in StructuredQuery when the software fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2018-0825)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2018-0834, CVE-2018-0835, CVE-2018-0836, CVE-2018-0837, CVE-2018-0838, CVE-2018-0856, CVE-2018-0857, CVE-2018-0859, CVE-2018-0860, CVE-2018-0861)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when NTFS improperly handles objects. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0822)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when AppContainer improperly implements constrained impersonation. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0821)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited these vulnerabilities could take control of an affected system. (CVE-2018-0842)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Common Log File System (CLFS) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0844, CVE-2018-0846)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows kernel that could allow an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could retrieve the memory address of a kernel object. (CVE-2018-0832)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2018-0809)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2018-0742, CVE-2018-0756, CVE-2018-0820, CVE-2018-0831)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles requests of different origins. The vulnerability allows Microsoft Edge to bypass Same-Origin Policy (SOP) restrictions, and to allow requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted. (CVE-2018-0771)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user.
(CVE-2018-0840)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Storage Services improperly handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2018-0826)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4074592.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?66620b53

http://www.nessus.org/u?573cb1ef

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 106798

File Name: smb_nt_ms18_feb_4074592.nasl

Version: 1.7

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2018/02/13

Modified: 2018/06/25

Dependencies: 93962, 57033, 13855

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 7.6

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2018/02/13

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2018/02/13

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2018-0742, CVE-2018-0756, CVE-2018-0757, CVE-2018-0763, CVE-2018-0771, CVE-2018-0809, CVE-2018-0820, CVE-2018-0821, CVE-2018-0822, CVE-2018-0825, CVE-2018-0826, CVE-2018-0827, CVE-2018-0829, CVE-2018-0830, CVE-2018-0831, CVE-2018-0832, CVE-2018-0834, CVE-2018-0835, CVE-2018-0836, CVE-2018-0837, CVE-2018-0838, CVE-2018-0839, CVE-2018-0840, CVE-2018-0842, CVE-2018-0844, CVE-2018-0846, CVE-2018-0847, CVE-2018-0856, CVE-2018-0857, CVE-2018-0859, CVE-2018-0860, CVE-2018-0861, CVE-2018-0866, CVE-2017-5715, CVE-2017-5753, CVE-2017-5754

MSKB: 4074592

IAVA: 2018-A-0019, 2018-A-0020

MSFT: MS18-4074592