KB4038781: Windows 10 September 2017 Cumulative Update

High Nessus Plugin ID 104385

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4038781.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Windows PDF Library improperly handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2017-8728, CVE-2017-8737)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2017-8706, CVE-2017-8707, CVE-2017-8713)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Microsoft Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2017-8683)

- An Information disclosure vulnerability exists in Windows kernel that could allow an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (KASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could retrieve the memory address of a kernel object. (CVE-2017-8687)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8734)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2017-8676)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browser JavaScript engines render content when handling objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft browsers and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization" in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the related rendering engine.
The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8741, CVE-2017-8748)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8738, CVE-2017-8753, CVE-2017-8756)

- A race condition that could lead to a remote code execution vulnerability exists in NetBT Session Services when NetBT fails to maintain certain sequencing requirements. (CVE-2017-0161)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way Microsoft Edge handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8757)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly accesses objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8747, CVE-2017-8749)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2017-8720)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Uniscribe improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Uniscribe handles objects in memory.
(CVE-2017-8695)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles clipboard events. For an attack to be successful, an attacker must persuade a user to visit a malicious website and leave it open during clipboard activities. The update addresses the vulnerability by changing how Microsoft Edge handles clipboard events in the browser. (CVE-2017-8643)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists in Microsoft's implementation of the Bluetooth stack. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could perform a man-in-the-middle attack and force a user's computer to unknowingly route traffic through the attacker's computer. The attacker can then monitor and read the traffic before sending it on to the intended recipient.
(CVE-2017-8628)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft browsers due to improper parent domain verification in certain functionality. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain specific information that is used in the parent domain.
(CVE-2017-8736)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2017-8678, CVE-2017-8679, CVE-2017-8709, CVE-2017-8719)

- A vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-11766)

- A security feature bypass exists in Microsoft Edge when the Edge Content Security Policy (CSP) fails to properly validate certain specially crafted documents. An attacker who exploited the bypass could trick a user into loading a page containing malicious content.
(CVE-2017-8723, CVE-2017-8754)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft .NET Framework processes untrusted input. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability in software using the .NET framework could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2017-8759)

- A information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI+ component improperly discloses kernel memory addresses. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2017-8677, CVE-2017-8681)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in memory, allowing an attacker to retrieve information from a targeted system. By itself, the information disclosure does not allow arbitrary code execution; however, it could allow arbitrary code to be run if the attacker uses it in combination with another vulnerability. (CVE-2017-8688)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists due to the way Windows Uniscribe handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2017-8692)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Windows kernel-mode driver fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2017-8675)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge does not properly parse HTTP content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user by redirecting the user to a specially crafted website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2017-8735)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Internet Explorer improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was visiting a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2017-8733)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft browsers improperly access objects in memory.
The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8750)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly initialize a memory address, allowing an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (KASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could retrieve the base address of the kernel driver from a compromised process. (CVE-2017-8708)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows font library improperly handles specially crafted embedded fonts. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2017-8682)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows Error Reporting (WER) when WER handles and executes files. The vulnerability could allow elevation of privilege if an attacker can successfully exploit it.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain greater access to sensitive information and system functionality. (CVE-2017-8702)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Shell does not properly validate file copy destinations. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. (CVE-2017-8699)

Solution

Apply security update KB4038781.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?7c29dee1

Plugin Details

Severity: High

ID: 104385

File Name: smb_nt_ms17_sep_4038781.nasl

Version: 1.5

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2017/11/03

Modified: 2018/07/30

Dependencies: 57033, 93962, 13855

Risk Information

Risk Factor: High

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 7.2

Temporal Score: 6.3

Vector: CVSS2#AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:H/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 8.4

Temporal Score: 8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2017/09/12

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2017/09/12

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Core Impact

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2017-0161, CVE-2017-11766, CVE-2017-8628, CVE-2017-8643, CVE-2017-8675, CVE-2017-8676, CVE-2017-8677, CVE-2017-8678, CVE-2017-8679, CVE-2017-8681, CVE-2017-8682, CVE-2017-8683, CVE-2017-8687, CVE-2017-8688, CVE-2017-8692, CVE-2017-8695, CVE-2017-8699, CVE-2017-8702, CVE-2017-8706, CVE-2017-8707, CVE-2017-8708, CVE-2017-8709, CVE-2017-8713, CVE-2017-8719, CVE-2017-8720, CVE-2017-8723, CVE-2017-8728, CVE-2017-8733, CVE-2017-8734, CVE-2017-8735, CVE-2017-8736, CVE-2017-8737, CVE-2017-8738, CVE-2017-8741, CVE-2017-8747, CVE-2017-8748, CVE-2017-8749, CVE-2017-8750, CVE-2017-8753, CVE-2017-8754, CVE-2017-8756, CVE-2017-8757, CVE-2017-8759

BID: 100718, 100720, 100721, 100727, 100728, 100729, 100736, 100737, 100738, 100739, 100740, 100742, 100743, 100744, 100747, 100749, 100752, 100755, 100756, 100759, 100762, 100764, 100765, 100766, 100767, 100768, 100769, 100770, 100771, 100772, 100773, 100776, 100779, 100781, 100783, 100785, 100789, 100790, 100791, 100792, 100796, 100803, 100804

MSKB: 4038781

MSFT: MS17-4038781