KB4025338: Windows 10 July 2017 Cumulative Update

Critical Nessus Plugin ID 104383

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4025338.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Search handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2017-8589)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine, when rendered in Internet Explorer, handles objects in memory. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit this vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the Internet Explorer rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit this vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8618)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2017-8467, CVE-2017-8556, CVE-2017-8573, CVE-2017-8577, CVE-2017-8578, CVE-2017-8580)

- A Denial Of Service vulnerability exists when Windows Explorer attempts to open a non-existent file. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service. A attacker could exploit this vulnerability by hosting a specially crafted web site and convince a user to browse to the page, containing the reference to the non-existing file, and cause the victim's system to stop responding. An attacker could not force a user to view the attacker- controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince a user to take action. For example, an attacker could trick a user into clicking a link that takes the user to the attacker's site The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Windows Explorer handles open attempts for non-existent files. (CVE-2017-8587)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way JavaScript engines render when handling objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8606, CVE-2017-8607, CVE-2017-8608)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when Kerberos fails to prevent tampering with the SNAME field during ticket exchange.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could use it to bypass Extended Protection for Authentication. (CVE-2017-8495)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Scripting Engine renders when handling objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8609)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Kernel handles objects in memory.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could execute code with elevated permissions.
(CVE-2017-8561)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in PowerShell when PSObject wraps a CIM Instance. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute malicious code on a vulnerable system. In an attack scenario, an attacker could execute malicious code in a PowerShell remote session. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how PowerShell deserializes user supplied scripts. (CVE-2017-8565)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles calls to Advanced Local Procedure Call (ALPC). An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the local system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.
(CVE-2017-8562)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when Win32k fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2017-8486)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows Performance Monitor Console when it improperly parses XML input containing a reference to an external entity. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could read arbitrary files via an XML external entity (XXE) declaration. (CVE-2017-0170)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way Microsoft Edge handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8595, CVE-2017-8605, CVE-2017-8619)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Common Log File System (CLFS) driver improperly handles objects in memory. (CVE-2017-8590)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly initialize a memory address, allowing an attacker to retrieve information that could lead to a Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (KASLR) bypass. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could retrieve the base address of the kernel driver from a compromised process. (CVE-2017-8564)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Browsers improperly handle redirect requests.
This vulnerability allows Microsoft Browsers to bypass CORS redirect restrictions and to follow redirect requests that should otherwise be ignored. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could force the browser to send data that would otherwise be restricted to a destination web site of their choice.
(CVE-2017-8592)

- An Information Disclosure vulnerability exists when the HTTP.sys server application component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the HTTP.sys server application system. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing a request to the HTTP.sys server application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the HTTP.sys server application handles objects in memory. (CVE-2017-8582)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when an affected Microsoft browser does not properly parse HTTP content.
An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user by redirecting the user to a specially crafted website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services. (CVE-2017-8602)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists when Microsoft Common Object Runtime Library improperly handles web requests. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service against a .NET web application. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing specially crafted requests to the .NET application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the .NET web application handles web requests. (CVE-2017-8585)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Windows improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context.
(CVE-2017-8581)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows when a man-in-the-middle attacker is able to successfully forward an authentication request to a Windows LDAP server, such as a system running Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) or Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS), which has been configured to require signing or sealing on incoming connections. The update addresses this vulnerability by incorporating support for Extended Protection for Authentication security feature, which allows the LDAP server to detect and block such forwarded authentication requests once enabled.
(CVE-2017-8563)

- A spoofing vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly handles specific HTML content. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could trick a user into believing that the user was on a legitimate website. The specially crafted website could either spoof content or serve as a pivot to chain an attack with other vulnerabilities in web services.
(CVE-2017-8611)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge fails to correctly apply Same Origin Policy for HTML elements present in other browser windows. An attacker could use this vulnerability to trick a user into loading a page with malicious content.
(CVE-2017-8599)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft WordPad parses specially crafted files.
Exploitation of this vulnerability requires that a user open a specially crafted file with an affected version of Microsoft WordPad. (CVE-2017-8588)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Explorer improperly handles executable files and shares during rename operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of another user. Users not running as administrators would be less affected.
(CVE-2017-8463)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that Microsoft browser JavaScript engines render content when handling objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft browsers and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization" in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the related rendering engine.
The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites, and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. (CVE-2017-8601)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the Windows System Information Console when it improperly parses XML input containing a reference to an external entity. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could read arbitrary files via an XML external entity (XXE) declaration. (CVE-2017-8557)

Solution

Apply security update KB4025338.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?aa6f9fa1

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 104383

File Name: smb_nt_ms17_jul_4025338.nasl

Version: 1.7

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2017/11/03

Updated: 2018/08/03

Dependencies: 13855, 57033, 93962

Risk Information

Risk Factor: Critical

CVSS v2.0

Base Score: 10

Temporal Score: 7.8

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Temporal Vector: CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C

CVSS v3.0

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 8.8

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:P/RL:O/RC:C

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2017/07/11

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2017/07/11

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2017-0170, CVE-2017-8463, CVE-2017-8467, CVE-2017-8486, CVE-2017-8495, CVE-2017-8556, CVE-2017-8557, CVE-2017-8561, CVE-2017-8562, CVE-2017-8563, CVE-2017-8564, CVE-2017-8565, CVE-2017-8573, CVE-2017-8577, CVE-2017-8578, CVE-2017-8580, CVE-2017-8581, CVE-2017-8582, CVE-2017-8585, CVE-2017-8587, CVE-2017-8588, CVE-2017-8589, CVE-2017-8590, CVE-2017-8592, CVE-2017-8595, CVE-2017-8599, CVE-2017-8601, CVE-2017-8602, CVE-2017-8605, CVE-2017-8606, CVE-2017-8607, CVE-2017-8608, CVE-2017-8609, CVE-2017-8611, CVE-2017-8618, CVE-2017-8619

BID: 99387, 99388, 99389, 99390, 99391, 99392, 99393, 99394, 99396, 99397, 99398, 99399, 99400, 99402, 99403, 99408, 99409, 99410, 99412, 99413, 99414, 99416, 99418, 99419, 99420, 99421, 99423, 99424, 99425, 99426, 99427, 99428, 99429, 99431, 99432, 99439

MSKB: 4025338

MSFT: MS17-4025338