CVE-2021-21295

medium

Description

Netty is an open-source, asynchronous event-driven network application framework for rapid development of maintainable high performance protocol servers & clients. In Netty (io.netty:netty-codec-http2) before version 4.1.60.Final there is a vulnerability that enables request smuggling. If a Content-Length header is present in the original HTTP/2 request, the field is not validated by `Http2MultiplexHandler` as it is propagated up. This is fine as long as the request is not proxied through as HTTP/1.1. If the request comes in as an HTTP/2 stream, gets converted into the HTTP/1.1 domain objects (`HttpRequest`, `HttpContent`, etc.) via `Http2StreamFrameToHttpObjectCodec `and then sent up to the child channel's pipeline and proxied through a remote peer as HTTP/1.1 this may result in request smuggling. In a proxy case, users may assume the content-length is validated somehow, which is not the case. If the request is forwarded to a backend channel that is a HTTP/1.1 connection, the Content-Length now has meaning and needs to be checked. An attacker can smuggle requests inside the body as it gets downgraded from HTTP/2 to HTTP/1.1. For an example attack refer to the linked GitHub Advisory. Users are only affected if all of this is true: `HTTP2MultiplexCodec` or `Http2FrameCodec` is used, `Http2StreamFrameToHttpObjectCodec` is used to convert to HTTP/1.1 objects, and these HTTP/1.1 objects are forwarded to another remote peer. This has been patched in 4.1.60.Final As a workaround, the user can do the validation by themselves by implementing a custom `ChannelInboundHandler` that is put in the `ChannelPipeline` behind `Http2StreamFrameToHttpObjectCodec`.

References

https://github.com/netty/netty/security/advisories/GHSA-wm47-8v5p-wjpj

https://github.com/Netflix/zuul/pull/980

https://github.com/netty/netty/commit/89c241e3b1795ff257af4ad6eadc616cb2fb3dc4

https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/[email protected]%3Cdev.ranger.apache.org%3E

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https://security.netapp.com/advisory/ntap-20210604-0003/

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https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpuapr2022.html

Details

Source: MITRE

Published: 2021-03-09

Updated: 2022-05-12

Type: CWE-444

Risk Information

CVSS v2

Base Score: 2.6

Vector: AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N

Impact Score: 2.9

Exploitability Score: 4.9

Severity: LOW

CVSS v3

Base Score: 5.9

Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N

Impact Score: 3.6

Exploitability Score: 2.2

Severity: MEDIUM