CVE-2020-16120

medium

Description

Overlayfs did not properly perform permission checking when copying up files in an overlayfs and could be exploited from within a user namespace, if, for example, unprivileged user namespaces were allowed. It was possible to have a file not readable by an unprivileged user to be copied to a mountpoint controlled by the user, like a removable device. This was introduced in kernel version 4.19 by commit d1d04ef ("ovl: stack file ops"). This was fixed in kernel version 5.8 by commits 56230d9 ("ovl: verify permissions in ovl_path_open()"), 48bd024 ("ovl: switch to mounter creds in readdir") and 05acefb ("ovl: check permission to open real file"). Additionally, commits 130fdbc ("ovl: pass correct flags for opening real directory") and 292f902 ("ovl: call secutiry hook in ovl_real_ioctl()") in kernel 5.8 might also be desired or necessary. These additional commits introduced a regression in overlay mounts within user namespaces which prevented access to files with ownership outside of the user namespace. This regression was mitigated by subsequent commit b6650da ("ovl: do not fail because of O_NOATIMEi") in kernel 5.11.

References

https://git.kernel.org/linus/b6650dab404c701d7fe08a108b746542a934da84

https://launchpad.net/bugs/1894980

https://ubuntu.com/USN-4578-1

https://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2020/10/14/2

https://launchpad.net/bugs/1900141

https://ubuntu.com/USN-4576-1

https://git.kernel.org/linus/56230d956739b9cb1cbde439d76227d77979a04d

https://git.kernel.org/linus/d1d04ef8572bc8c22265057bd3d5a79f223f8f52

https://ubuntu.com/USN-4577-1

https://git.kernel.org/linus/48bd024b8a40d73ad6b086de2615738da0c7004f

https://git.kernel.org/linus/05acefb4872dae89e772729efb194af754c877e8

Details

Source: MITRE

Published: 2021-02-10

Updated: 2021-11-18

Risk Information

CVSS v2

Base Score: 2.1

Vector: AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N

Impact Score: 2.9

Exploitability Score: 3.9

Severity: LOW

CVSS v3

Base Score: 4.4

Vector: CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

Impact Score: 3.6

Exploitability Score: 0.8

Severity: MEDIUM