KB4487017: Windows 10 Version 1803 and Windows Server Version 1803 February 2019 Security Update

critical Nessus Plugin ID 122121

Synopsis

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description

The remote Windows host is missing security update 4487017.
It is, therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An information vulnerability exists when Windows improperly discloses file information. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability could allow the attacker to read the contents of files on disk.
(CVE-2019-0636)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0656)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs;
view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0623)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when Windows Hyper-V on a host operating system fails to properly validate input from an authenticated user on a guest operating system. (CVE-2019-0635)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows kernel improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-0621)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Human Interface Devices (HID) component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the victims system. (CVE-2019-0600, CVE-2019-0601)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in .NET Framework and Visual Studio software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0613)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Storage Service improperly handles file operations. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain elevated privileges on the victim system.
(CVE-2019-0659)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists in Windows which could allow an attacker to bypass Device Guard. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could circumvent a User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI) policy on the machine. (CVE-2019-0627, CVE-2019-0631, CVE-2019-0632)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the win32k component improperly provides kernel information.
An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. (CVE-2019-0628)

- A vulnerability exists in certain .Net Framework API's and Visual Studio in the way they parse URL's. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could use it to bypass security logic intended to ensure that a user-provided URL belonged to a specific hostname or a subdomain of that hostname. This could be used to cause privileged communication to be made to an untrusted service as if it was a trusted service.
(CVE-2019-0657)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Windows Graphics Device Interface (GDI) handles objects in the memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. (CVE-2019-0618, CVE-2019-0662)

- A security feature bypass vulnerability exists when Windows Defender Firewall incorrectly applies firewall profiles to cellular network connections. This vulnerability occurs when Windows is connected to both an ethernet network and a cellular network. An attacker would have no way to trigger this vulnerability remotely, and this vulnerability by itself does not allow Windows to be exploited. This update addresses the behavior by correcting how Windows Defender Firewall handles firewall profiles when ethernet and cellular network connections are both present. (CVE-2019-0637)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Microsoft Server Message Block 2.0 (SMBv2) server handles certain requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the ability to execute code on the target server.
(CVE-2019-0630, CVE-2019-0633)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the Windows GDI component improperly discloses the contents of its memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could obtain information to further compromise the users system. There are multiple ways an attacker could exploit the vulnerability, such as by convincing a user to open a specially crafted document, or by convincing a user to visit an untrusted webpage.
The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the Windows GDI component handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0602, CVE-2019-0615, CVE-2019-0616, CVE-2019-0619, CVE-2019-0660)

- A memory corruption vulnerability exists in the Windows Server DHCP service when an attacker sends specially crafted packets to a DHCP server. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code on the DHCP server. (CVE-2019-0626)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Jet Database Engine improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could execute arbitrary code on a victim system. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by enticing a victim to open a specially crafted file. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way the Windows Jet Database Engine handles objects in memory. (CVE-2019-0595, CVE-2019-0596, CVE-2019-0597, CVE-2019-0598, CVE-2019-0599, CVE-2019-0625)

Solution

Apply Cumulative Update KB4487017.

See Also

http://www.nessus.org/u?f84e87c3

Plugin Details

Severity: Critical

ID: 122121

File Name: smb_nt_ms19_feb_4487017.nasl

Version: 1.10

Type: local

Agent: windows

Published: 2/12/2019

Updated: 5/23/2022

Supported Sensors: Frictionless Assessment Agent, Frictionless Assessment AWS, Frictionless Assessment Azure, Nessus

Risk Information

VPR

Risk Factor: High

Score: 8.9

CVSS v2

Risk Factor: High

Base Score: 9.3

Temporal Score: 8.1

Vector: CVSS2#AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0662

CVSS v3

Risk Factor: Critical

Base Score: 9.8

Temporal Score: 9.4

Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Temporal Vector: CVSS:3.0/E:H/RL:O/RC:C

CVSS Score Source: CVE-2019-0626

Vulnerability Information

CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Required KB Items: SMB/MS_Bulletin_Checks/Possible

Exploit Available: true

Exploit Ease: Exploits are available

Patch Publication Date: 2/12/2019

Vulnerability Publication Date: 2/12/2019

Exploitable With

CANVAS (CANVAS)

Core Impact

Reference Information

CVE: CVE-2019-0595, CVE-2019-0596, CVE-2019-0597, CVE-2019-0598, CVE-2019-0599, CVE-2019-0600, CVE-2019-0601, CVE-2019-0602, CVE-2019-0613, CVE-2019-0615, CVE-2019-0616, CVE-2019-0618, CVE-2019-0619, CVE-2019-0621, CVE-2019-0623, CVE-2019-0625, CVE-2019-0626, CVE-2019-0627, CVE-2019-0628, CVE-2019-0630, CVE-2019-0631, CVE-2019-0632, CVE-2019-0633, CVE-2019-0635, CVE-2019-0636, CVE-2019-0637, CVE-2019-0656, CVE-2019-0657, CVE-2019-0659, CVE-2019-0660, CVE-2019-0662

MSFT: MS19-4487017

MSKB: 4487017