WA000-WWA056 W22 - The MultiViews directive must be disabled.


Apache HTTPD supports content negotiation as described in the HTTP/1.1 specification. It can choose the best representation of a resource based on the browser-supplied preferences for media type, languages, character set and encoding. It also implements a couple of features to give more intelligent handling of requests from browsers that send incomplete negotiation information.

Content negotiation, or more accurately content selection, is the selection of the document that best matches the clients capabilities, from one of several available documents. There are two implementations of this.
- A type map (a file with the handler type-map) which explicitly lists the files containing the variants.
- A Multiviews search (enabled by the Multiviews Options), where the server does an implicit filename pattern match, and choose from amongst the results.

A MultiViews search is where the server does an implicit filename pattern match, and chooses from the results.

For example, if you have a file called configuration.php (or other extension) in root folder and you set up a rule in your htaccess for a virtual folder called configuration/ then you'll have a problem with your rule because the server will choose configuration.php automatically if MultiViews is enabled.

An attacker can use the MultiViews functionality to aid in finding hidden file processes on the directory and potentially gather further sensitive information.

MultiViews is a per-directory option, meaning it can be set, or explicitly disabled, with an Options directive within a <Directory>, <Location> or <Files> section in httpd.conf, or (if AllowOverride is properly set) in .htaccess files.

To explicitly disable an Options functionality, the option must be listed on every uncommented Options directive with a preceding the option. The '-' preceding the option configures Apache to explicitly disable the option. An Options directive with 'none' will also disable the functionality.

If the option is listed on an Options directive line without a preceding - or without anything preceding it or with a '+' preceding it or not configured at all, the MultiViews option is enabled and is vulnerable.

NOTE: Nessus has provided the target output to assist in reviewing the benchmark to ensure target compliance.


Add a '-' to the MultiViews setting, or set the options directive to None.

See Also


Item Details


References: 800-53|CM-7b., CAT|II, Rule-ID|SV-33004r2_rule, STIG-ID|WA000-WWA056_W22, Vuln-ID|V-13734

Plugin: Windows

Control ID: eb39ed38bff849abf9ee2bf4cbc81d78cef95b625d75c7f9d3bbc657e01ab877