Windows 2008 July 2017 Multiple Security Updates

This script is Copyright (C) 2017 Tenable Network Security, Inc.


Synopsis :

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description :

The remote Windows host is missing multiple security updates. It is,
therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
Windows Performance Monitor Console due to improper
parsing of XML input that contains a reference to an
external entity. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, by convincing a user to create a
Data Collector Set and import a specially crafted XML
file, to disclose arbitrary files via an XML external
entity (XXE) declaration. (CVE-2017-0170)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows
Explorer due to improper handling of executable files
and shares during rename operations. An unauthenticated,
remote attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user
to open a specially crafted file, to execute arbitrary
code in the context of the current user. (CVE-2017-8463)

- Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in
the Microsoft Graphics component due to improper
handling of objects in memory. A local attacker can
exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to
run arbitrary code in kernel mode. (CVE-2017-8467,
CVE-2017-8556, CVE-2017-8573, CVE-2017-8577,
CVE-2017-8578, CVE-2017-8580)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in Win32k
due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local
attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted
application, to disclose sensitive information.
(CVE-2017-8486)

- A security bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft
Windows when handling Kerberos ticket exchanges due to a
failure to prevent tampering with the SNAME field. A
man-in-the-middle attacker can exploit this to bypass
the Extended Protection for Authentication security
feature. (CVE-2017-8495)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
Windows System Information Console due to improper
parsing of XML input that contains a reference to an
external entity. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, by convincing a user to open a
specially crafted file, to disclose arbitrary files via
an XML external entity (XXE) declaration.
(CVE-2017-8557)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in
Windows due to Kerberos falling back to NT LAN Manager
(NTLM) Authentication Protocol as the default
authentication protocol. An authenticated, remote
attacker can exploit this, via an application that
sends specially crafted traffic to a domain controller,
to run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8563)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
Windows kernel due to improper initialization of objects
in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit
this, via a specially crafted application, to bypass
Kernel Address Space Layout Randomization (KASLR) and
disclose the base address of the kernel driver.
(CVE-2017-8564)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in
PowerShell when handling a PSObject that wraps a CIM
instance. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit
this, via a specially crafted script, to execute
arbitrary code in a PowerShell remote session.
(CVE-2017-8565)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in
Windows due to improper handling of objects in memory. A
local attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted
application, to run arbitrary code in kernel mode.
(CVE-2017-8581)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
HTTP.sys server application component due to improper
handling of objects in memory. An unauthenticated,
remote attacker can exploit this, via a specially
crafted request, to disclose sensitive information.
(CVE-2017-8582)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows
Explorer that is triggered when Explorer attempts to
open a non-existent file. An unauthenticated, remote
attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit
a specially crafted website, to cause a user's system to
stop responding. (CVE-2017-8587)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in WordPad
due to improper parsing of specially crafted files. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to open a specially crafted file, to
execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. (CVE-2017-8588)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the
Windows Search component due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, by sending specially crafted messages
to the Windows Search service, to elevate privileges and
execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8589)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
Windows Common Log File System (CLFS) driver due to
improper handling of objects in memory. A local attacker
can exploit this, via a specially crafted application,
to run processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8590)

- A security bypass vulnerability exists in Microsoft
browsers due to improper handling of redirect requests.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website,
to bypass CORS redirect restrictions. (CVE-2017-8592)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way
JavaScript engines render when handling objects in memory
in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory
in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code
in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully
exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as
the current user. (CVE-2017-8606, CVE-2017-8607, CVE-2017-8608,
CVE-2017-8618)

See also :

http://www.nessus.org/u?87cdb7f6
http://www.nessus.org/u?e0e35b15
http://www.nessus.org/u?1336095c
http://www.nessus.org/u?9d0d50a8
http://www.nessus.org/u?59926d5e
http://www.nessus.org/u?9381ee94
http://www.nessus.org/u?2683f326
http://www.nessus.org/u?423780d0
http://www.nessus.org/u?626af1da
http://www.nessus.org/u?bf02f1f7
http://www.nessus.org/u?f364ec16
http://www.nessus.org/u?548d2827
http://www.nessus.org/u?628791cd
http://www.nessus.org/u?ff6e3fd2
http://www.nessus.org/u?54a9e296

Solution :

Apply the following security updates :

- 4022746
- 4022748
- 4022914
- 4025240
- 4025252
- 4025397
- 4025398
- 4025409
- 4025497
- 4025674
- 4025872
- 4025877
- 4026059
- 4026061
- 4032955

Risk factor :

Critical / CVSS Base Score : 10.0
(CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)