KB4022715: Windows 10 Version 1607 and Windows Server 2016 June 2017 Cumulative Update

This script is Copyright (C) 2017 Tenable Network Security, Inc.


Synopsis :

The remote Windows host is affected by multiple vulnerabilities.

Description :

The remote Windows host is missing security update KB4022715. It is,
therefore, affected by multiple vulnerabilities :

- Multiple security bypass vulnerabilities exist in
Device Guard. A local attacker can exploit these, via a
specially crafted script, to bypass the Device Guard
Code Integrity policy and inject arbitrary code into a
trusted PowerShell process. (CVE-2017-0173,
CVE-2017-0215, CVE-2017-0216, CVE-2017-0218,
CVE-2017-0219)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in
Windows Hyper-V instruction emulation due to a failure
to properly enforce privilege levels. An attacker on a
guest operating system can exploit this to gain elevated
privileges on the guest. Note that the host operating
system is not vulnerable. (CVE-2017-0193)

- Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in
Windows Uniscribe due to improper handling of objects in
memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit
these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted
website or open a specially crafted document, to
disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-0282,
CVE-2017-0284, CVE-2017-0285)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in
Windows Uniscribe software due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a
specially crafted website or to open a specially crafted
document, to execute arbitrary code in the context
of the current user. (CVE-2017-0283)

- Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in
the Windows GDI component due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit these, by convincing a user to visit a
specially crafted website or open a specially crafted
document, to disclose the contents of memory.
(CVE-2017-0287, CVE-2017-0288, CVE-2017-0289,
CVE-2017-8531, CVE-2017-8532, CVE-2017-8533)

- Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in
Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these,
by convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF
file, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the
current user. (CVE-2017-0291, CVE-2017-0292)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Windows due to improper handling of cabinet
files. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit
this, by convincing a user to open a specially crafted
cabinet file, to execute arbitrary code in the context
of the current user. (CVE-2017-0294)

- A flaw exists in Microsoft Windows due to incorrect
permissions being set on folders inside the DEFAULT
folder structure. An authenticated, remote attacker can
exploit this, by logging in to the affected system
before the user can log in, to modify the user's DEFAULT
folder contents. (CVE-2017-0295)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in
tdx.sys due to a failure to check the length of a buffer
prior to copying memory to it. A local attacker can
exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to
execute arbitrary code in an elevated context.
(CVE-2017-0296)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects in
memory. A local attacker can exploit this, via a
specially crafted application, to execute arbitrary code
with elevated permissions. (CVE-2017-0297)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
DCOM object in Helppane.exe, when configured to run as
the interactive user, due to a failure to properly
authenticate the client. An authenticated, remote
attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted
application, to run arbitrary code in another user's
session after that user has logged on to the same system
using Terminal Services or Fast User Switching.
(CVE-2017-0298)

- Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in
the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of
objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can
exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to
disclose the base address of the kernel driver.
(CVE-2017-0299, CVE-2017-0300, CVE-2017-8462,
CVE-2017-8485)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Windows due to improper parsing of PDF files.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to open a specially crafted PDF file,
to disclose the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8460)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows
due to improper handling of shortcuts. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to insert a removable drive containing
a malicious shortcut and binary, to automatically
execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. (CVE-2017-8464)

- Multiple elevation of privilege vulnerabilities exist in
the Windows kernel-mode driver due to improper handling
of objects in memory. A local attacker can exploit
these, via a specially crafted application, to run
processes in an elevated context. (CVE-2017-8465,
CVE-2017-8466, CVE-2017-8468)

- Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in
the Windows kernel due to improper initialization of
objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can
exploit these, via a specially crafted application, to
disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8470,
CVE-2017-8471, CVE-2017-8473, CVE-2017-8474,
CVE-2017-8475, CVE-2017-8476, CVE-2017-8477,
CVE-2017-8478, CVE-2017-8479, CVE-2017-8480,
CVE-2017-8481, CVE-2017-8482, CVE-2017-8483,
CVE-2017-8484, CVE-2017-8489, CVE-2017-8490,
CVE-2017-8491, CVE-2017-8492)

- A security bypass vulnerability exists due to a failure
to enforce case sensitivity for certain variable checks.
A local attacker can exploit this, via a specially
crafted application, to bypass Unified Extensible
Firmware Interface (UEFI) variable security.
(CVE-2017-8493)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
Windows Secure Kernel Mode feature due to a failure to
properly handle objects in memory. A local attacker can
exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to
bypass virtual trust levels (VTL). (CVE-2017-8494)

- Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in
Microsoft Edge due to improper handling of objects in
memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit
these, by convincing a user to visit a specially crafted
website, to execute arbitrary code in the context of the
current user. (CVE-2017-8496, CVE-2017-8497)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Edge due to improper handling of JavaScript
XML DOM objects. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can
exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially
crafted website, to disclose sensitive information.
(CVE-2017-8498)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Edge in the Fetch API due to improper handling
of filtered response types. An unauthenticated, remote
attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit
a specially crafted website, to disclose sensitive
information in the URL of a cross-origin request.
(CVE-2017-8504)

- A denial of service vulnerability exists in Windows due
to improper handling of kernel mode requests. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, via a
specially crafted kernel mode request, to cause the
machine to stop responding or rebooting. (CVE-2017-8515)

- Multiple remote code execution vulnerabilities exist in
Microsoft browsers in the JavaScript engines due to
improper handling of objects in memory. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit these, by
convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website,
to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. (CVE-2017-8517, CVE-2017-8522, CVE-2017-8524,
CVE-2017-8548)

- A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly apply the
Same Origin Policy for HTML elements. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to follow a link, to load a page with
malicious content. (CVE-2017-8523)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the
Windows font library due to improper handling of
embedded fonts. An unauthenticated, remote attacker can
exploit this, by convincing a user to visit a specially
crafted website or open a specially crafted Microsoft
document, to execute arbitrary code in the context of
the current user. (CVE-2017-8527)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in
Microsoft browsers in the scripting engines due to
improper handling of objects in memory. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website,
to disclose files on a user's computer. (CVE-2017-8529)*

- A same-origin policy bypass vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Edge due to a failure to properly enforce
same-origin policies. An unauthenticated, remote
attacker can exploit this, by convincing a user to visit
a specially crafted website, to disclose information
from origins outside the current one. (CVE-2017-8530)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the
Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message,
to execute arbitrary code. (CVE-2017-8543)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
Windows Search functionality due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An unauthenticated, remote attacker
can exploit this, via a specially crafted SMB message,
to disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8544)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Internet
Explorer due to improper handling of objects in memory.
An unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website,
to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. (CVE-2017-8547)

- A remote code execution vulnerability exists in
Microsoft Edge in the JavaScript scripting engine due to
improper handling of objects in memory. An
unauthenticated, remote attacker can exploit this, by
convincing a user to visit a specially crafted website,
to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current
user. (CVE-2017-8549)

- Multiple information disclosure vulnerabilities exist in
the Windows kernel due to improper handling of objects
in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can exploit
these, via a specially crafted application, to disclose
the contents of memory. (CVE-2017-8553, CVE-2017-8554)

- An information disclosure vulnerability exists in the
Windows Graphics component due to improper handling of
objects in memory. An authenticated, remote attacker can
exploit this, via a specially crafted application, to
disclose sensitive information. (CVE-2017-8575)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in the
Windows Graphics component due to improper
initialization of objects in memory. A local attacker
can exploit this, via a specially crafted application,
to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode.
(CVE-2017-8576)

- An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists DirectX
due to improper handling of objects in memory. A local
attacker can exploit this, via a specially crafted
application, to execute arbitrary code in kernel mode.
(CVE-2017-8576)

* note that a registry value must be added to enable the
fix for CVE-2017-8529. if the patch is installed but
not enabled, the registry key needed will be detailed
in the output below.

See also :

http://www.nessus.org/u?4ac6572f

Solution :

Apply security update KB4022715.

Risk factor :

Critical / CVSS Base Score : 10.0
(CVSS2#AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)
CVSS Temporal Score : 7.8
(CVSS2#E:POC/RL:OF/RC:C)
Public Exploit Available : true

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