O121-C2-004000 - Administrative privileges must be assigned to database accounts via database roles.


Applications employ the concept of least privilege for specific duties and information systems (including specific functions, ports, protocols, and services). The concept of least privilege is also applied to information system processes, ensuring that the processes operate at privilege levels no higher than necessary to accomplish required organizational missions and/or functions. Organizations consider the creation of additional processes, roles, and information system accounts as necessary to achieve least privilege. Organizations also apply least privilege concepts to the design, development, implementation, and operations of information systems.

Privileges granted outside the context of the application user job function are more likely to go unmanaged or without oversight for authorization. Maintenance of privileges using roles defined for discrete job functions offers improved oversight of application user privilege assignments and helps to protect against unauthorized privilege assignment.


Create roles for administrative function assignments. Assign the necessary privileges for the administrative functions to a role. Do not assign administrative privileges directly to users, except for those that Oracle does not permit to be assigned via roles.

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Item Details


References: 800-53|CM-5(6), CAT|II, CCI|CCI-001499, Rule-ID|SV-237709r879586_rule, STIG-ID|O121-C2-004000, STIG-Legacy|SV-76081, STIG-Legacy|V-61591, Vuln-ID|V-237709

Plugin: OracleDB

Control ID: ddab598694262a85d1d6c1bb026ec32d3395d5d61525fe05b51568af32474b3a