1.3 Ensure Installation of Community Packages


Adding, and installing, the PostgreSQL community packages to the host's package repository.
It's an unfortunate reality that Linux distributions do not always have the most up-to-date versions of PostgreSQL. Disadvantages of older releases include: missing bug patches, no access to highly desirable contribution modules, no access to 3rd party projects that are complimentary to PostgreSQL, and no upgrade path migrating from one version of PostgreSQL to the next. The worst set of circumstances is to be limited to a version of the RDBMS that has reached its end-of-life.
From a security perspective, it's imperative that Postgres Community Packages are only obtained from the official website https://yum.postgresql.org/. Being open source, the Postgres packages are widely available over the internet via myriad package aggregators and providers. Obtaining software from these unofficial sites risks installing defective, corrupt, or downright malicious versions of PostgreSQL.

NOTE: Nessus has provided the target output to assist in reviewing the benchmark to ensure target compliance.


The following example blocks the outdated distro packages, adds the PGDG repository RPM for PostgreSQL version 10, and installs the client-server-contributions rpms to the host where you want to install the RDBMS:
$ whoami
$ vi /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
exclude=postgresql* <-- add this line

#released updates
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
exclude=postgresql* <-- add this line
Using a web browser, go to http://yum.postgresql.org and navigate to the repo download link for your OS and version:
$ whoami
$ yum -y install https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/10/redhat/rhel-7-x86_64/pgdg-centos10-10-2.noarch.rpm
Finally, install the PostgreSQL packages:
$ whoami
$ yum -y groupinstall 'PostgreSQL Database Server 10 PGDG'
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Setting up Group Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
* base: mirror.us.oneandone.net
* extras: centos.mirrors.tds.net
* updates: mirror.cisp.com
base | 3.7 kB 00:00
extras | 3.4 kB 00:00
updates | 3.4 kB 00:00
base/group_gz | 242 kB 00:00
pgdg10/group_gz | 249 B 00:00
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package postgresql10.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
---> Package postgresql10-contrib.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.22)(64bit) for package: postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.18)(64bit) for package: postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1(LIBXML2_1.0.11)(64bit) for package: postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libxslt.so.1()(64bit) for package: postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64
---> Package postgresql10-libs.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
---> Package postgresql10-server.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.26-2.el7_3.1 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

Package Arch Version Repository Size
postgresql10 x86_64 10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 pgdg10 1.4 M
postgresql10-contrib x86_64 10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 pgdg10 492 k
postgresql10-libs x86_64 10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 pgdg10 289 k
postgresql10-server x86_64 10.7-1PGDG.rhel7 pgdg10 5.0 M
Installing for dependencies:
libxslt x86_64 1.1.26-2.el7_3.1 base 452 k

Transaction Summary
Install 5 Package(s)

Total download size: 7.7 M
Installed size: 31 M
Downloading Packages:
(1/5): libxslt-1.1.26-2.el7_3.1.x86_64.rpm | 452 kB 00:00
(2/5): postgresql10-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm | 1.4 MB 00:01
(3/5): postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm | 492 kB 00:00
(4/5): postgresql10-libs-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm | 289 kB 00:00
(5/5): postgresql10-server-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64.rpm | 5.0 MB 00:00
Total 2.5 MB/s | 7.7 MB 00:03
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Installing : postgresql10-libs-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 1/5
Installing : postgresql10-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 2/5
Installing : libxslt-1.1.26-2.el7_3.1.x86_64 3/5
Installing : postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64 4/5
Installing : postgresql10-server-10.7-1PGDG.rhel6.x86_64 5/5
Verifying : libxslt-1.1.26-2.el7_3.1.x86_64 1/5
Verifying : postgresql10-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 2/5
Verifying : postgresql10-libs-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 3/5
Verifying : postgresql10-server-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 4/5
Verifying : postgresql10-contrib-10.7-1PGDG.rhel7.x86_64 5/5

postgresql10.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7
postgresql10-contrib.x86_64 0:10.7-1PGDG.rhel7
postgresql10-libs.x86_64 0:10,7-1PGDG.rhel7
postgresql10-server.x86_64 0:10,7-1PGDG.rhel7

Dependency Installed:
libxslt.x86_64 0:1.1.26-2.el7_3.1

Note: The above-mentioned example is referenced as an illustration only. Package names and versions may differ.

See Also


Item Details


References: 800-53|SI-2c., CSCv6|18.1, CSCv7|18.3

Plugin: Unix

Control ID: 20c067568b95ed2fd9f6d9f5caa812777b462d9b2daf4cd720b5564aac4a79dd